A1 Journal article (refereed)
Waldleistungen und Störungsanfälligkeit : eine modellbasierte Multikriterienanalyse (2021)
Forest ecosystem services and disturbance susceptibility : a model-based multi-criteria analysis


Temperli, C., & Blattert, C. (2021). Waldleistungen und Störungsanfälligkeit : eine modellbasierte Multikriterienanalyse. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Forstwesen, 172(5), 300-309. https://doi.org/10.3188/szf.2021.0300


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Temperli, Christian; Blattert, Clemens

Journal or series: Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Forstwesen

ISSN: 0036-7818

eISSN: 2235-1469

Publication year: 2021

Volume: 172

Issue number: 5

Pages range: 300-309

Publisher: Schweizerischer Forstverein

Publication country: Switzerland

Publication language: German

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3188/szf.2021.0300

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:


Abstract

Swiss forests provide various ecosystem services, in particular supplying wood, providing protection against natural hazards, acting as a carbon sink and harbouring diverse fauna and flora. Providing all of these services at the same time, however, can lead to trade-offs. Moreover, disturbances such as windthrow and bark beetle infestations affect the sustainable provision of these services in the long term. In this paper, we describe how we used simulations with the MASSIMO model to project forest ecosystem services and forests' susceptibility to disturbance with the help of indicators, and how we evaluated trade-offs and synergies in a multi-criteria analysis. This involved projecting the future development of the forest from 2016 to 2106 using data from the National Forest Inventory (NFI) under four management scenarios assuming a constant climate. For all forest ecosystem services, as well as for Switzerland as a whole, the business-as-usual scenario performed best. However, it does not fully exploit the wood harvesting potential and it also involved trade-offs between biodiversity promotion and carbon storage. The scenario in which the most carbon could be stored involved promoting conifers and harvesting large quantities of wood because it enables large quantities of carbon to be bound in wood products and petroleum-based materials to be replaced. However, having a higher proportion of conifers (especially spruce) would make forests more susceptible to bark beetle disturbance. In general, forests' susceptibility to storms and bark beetles decreased under scenarios with more wood harvesting, but these result in less dead and old wood, and thus in a trade-off with biodiversity promotion. Susceptibility to disturbance was slightly increased on those NFI sample plots that provide considerable protection against avalanches and rockfall. Our approach allowed us to obtain new insights into the interactions between forest ecosystem services and the forests' susceptibility to disturbance, and provides a basis for supporting decision-making in forest planning and forest policy on both the regional and national level.


Keywords: silviculture; forestry; ecosystem services; biodiversity; carbon sequestration; forest management planning; forest policy; scenarios; modelling (creation related to information); multi-objective optimisation

Free keywords: Sveitsi


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Last updated on 2021-08-09 at 13:28