A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
The reliability and validity of the sport engagement instrument in the Finnish dual career context (2022)

Kuokkanen, J., Virtanen, T., Hirvensalo, M., & Romar, J.-E. (2022). The reliability and validity of the sport engagement instrument in the Finnish dual career context. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 20(5), 1345-1367. https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197x.2021.1979074

JYU-tekijät tai -toimittajat

Julkaisun tiedot

Julkaisun kaikki tekijät tai toimittajat: Kuokkanen, Joni; Virtanen, Tuomo; Hirvensalo, Mirja; Romar, Jan-Erik

Lehti tai sarja: International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

ISSN: 1612-197X

eISSN: 1557-251X

Julkaisuvuosi: 2022

Ilmestymispäivä: 17.09.2021

Volyymi: 20

Lehden numero: 5

Artikkelin sivunumerot: 1345-1367

Kustantaja: Routledge

Julkaisumaa: Yhdysvallat (USA)

Julkaisun kieli: englanti

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197x.2021.1979074

Julkaisun avoin saatavuus: Avoimesti saatavilla

Julkaisukanavan avoin saatavuus: Osittain avoin julkaisukanava

Julkaisu on rinnakkaistallennettu (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/77918


Although engagement is key to predicting burnout and dropout, few existing instruments measure this phenomenon in the sports context. As part of a larger three-year Lower Secondary Sports Schools Pilot Project (LSSSPP) in Finland, we conducted two studies as part of the present research with the major aims of (a) constructing the Sport Engagement Instrument (SpEI) and (b) validating the new instrument in the Finnish dual career context. In the preparatory study, an expert panel constructed the SpEI, a questionnaire comprising 37 items intended to measure cognitive and affective sports engagement. The main study utilised questionnaire data collected from two independent samples (n1 = 992 and n2 = 465) of lower secondary school student athletes aged 13 and 14 years to validate the SpEI. Six competing factorial structures with differing numbers and subsets of the 37 items were analysed using a series of confirmatory factor analyses. The results indicate that 18 items dispersed along with four affective engagement factors and either two first-order or one second-order cognitive engagement factor described the sports engagement phenomenon most accurately in both samples. Higher levels of sport burnout correlated negatively and behavioural engagement positively with affective and cognitive dimensions of engagement, which supported the instrument’s validity. Although further validation is needed, the SpEI, in combination with coach and parental observations of changes in behavioural signs, might be useful in identifying athletes with low sports engagement and developing subsequent interventions accordingly.

YSO-asiasanat: nuoret; urheilu-ura; opiskelu; uupumus; sitoutuminen; kyselytutkimus; reliabiliteetti; validiteetti

Vapaat asiasanat: affective engagement; cognitive engagement; behavioural engagement; questionnaire

Liittyvät organisaatiot

OKM-raportointi: Kyllä

Raportointivuosi: 2022

Alustava JUFO-taso: 1

Viimeisin päivitys 2023-10-01 klo 13:18