A2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review
A systematic literature review on employee relations with CSR : State of art and future research agenda (2022)

Onkila, T., & Sarna, B. (2022). A systematic literature review on employee relations with CSR : State of art and future research agenda. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 29(2), 435-447. https://doi.org/10.1002/csr.2210

The research was funded by Strategic Research Council at the Research Council of Finland.

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsOnkila, Tiina; Sarna, Bhavesh

Journal or seriesCorporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management



Publication year2022

Publication date22/09/2021


Issue number2

Pages range435-447

PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons

Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/77917


Within recent years, the literature on employee–CSR relations has grown significantly. However, the research is fragmented throughout various journals and disciplines, and we still lack a comprehensive literature review on the topic to show what we currently know about the employee relationship with CSR, and what we do not know. In this study, we conduct a systematic literature review on employee relations with CSR, based 331 journal articles. We analyze their methodological and theoretical approaches. Based on their key findings, we build a categorization of dominant research findings and their connections. Building on our review, we show how the research has been dominated by a focus on the organizational implementation of CSR and organizational benefits. Employees have been mainly perceived as implementers of top-down sustainability policies and as mediators towards organizational CSR-related benefits. We also discuss the need for future research on the more active role of employees in CSR relations, especially bottom-up change processes and understanding the role of tensions and complexities.

Keywordscorporate responsibilitysocietal responsibilitysustainable developmentemployeeshuman resource managementsystematic reviews

Free keywordscorporate social responsibility; employees; human resource management; literature review; sustainability; sustainable development

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-15-06 at 20:26