A2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review
Sand Play for 0–8-Year-Old Children’s Health and Development : A Systematic Review Protocol (2021)

Iivonen, S., Kettukangas, T., Soini, A., & Viholainen, H. (2021). Sand Play for 0–8-Year-Old Children’s Health and Development : A Systematic Review Protocol. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(19), Article 10112. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910112

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Iivonen, Susanna; Kettukangas, Titta; Soini, Anne; Viholainen, Helena

Journal or series: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

ISSN: 1661-7827

eISSN: 1660-4601

Publication year: 2021

Publication date: 26/09/2021

Volume: 18

Issue number: 19

Article number: 10112

Publisher: MDPI AG

Publication country: Switzerland

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910112

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/77956


Sand play may be a significant determinant of health and development in early childhood, but systematically synthesised evidence is absent in the literature. The main objective of this study was to present a planned methodology to systematically review, and synthesise, the evidence regarding sand play and its associations with 0–8-year-old children’s health and development. The systematic review following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols statement was registered to PROSPERO (CRD42021253852). Literature searches will be conducted using information from eight electronic databases. Studies will be included when participating children were aged 0–8 years, settings provided children with exposure to sand environments and/or materials, and child-level outcomes related to physical, cognitive, and/or social–emotional health and development. The search results will be imported to software; duplicates will be removed; and independent double screening, and study quality assessments using appropriate tools, will be conducted. Synthesis without meta-analysis will be conducted for quantitative studies similar in exposure, outcome, and content analysis to qualitative studies. Our overall confidence in each review finding will be assessed. The findings of this systematic review can inform policy makers and early childhood education teachers about the associations between sand play and children’s health and development, and its impact in practice.

Keywords: outdoor games; sandpits; early childhood; health; child development; protocols; systematic reviews

Free keywords: sand play; early childhood; health; development; protocol; systematic review

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 13:43