A1 Journal article (refereed)
Predicting physical distancing over time during COVID-19 : testing an integrated model (2022)


Hagger, M. S., Smith, S. R., Keech, J. J., Moyers, S. A., & Hamilton, K. (2022). Predicting physical distancing over time during COVID-19 : testing an integrated model. Psychology and Health, 37(12), 1436-1456. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2021.1968397


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Hagger, Martin S.; Smith, Stephanie R.; Keech, Jacob J.; Moyers, Susette A.; Hamilton, Kyra

Journal or series: Psychology and Health

ISSN: 0887-0446

eISSN: 1476-8321

Publication year: 2022

Publication date: 26/08/2021

Volume: 37

Issue number: 12

Pages range: 1436-1456

Publisher: Routledge

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2021.1968397

Research data link: https://osf.io/f95zh/?view_only=b8dfb42a2a1444b2bfe71e0faac82fe1

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:


Abstract

Objective: We applied an integrated social cognition model to predict physical distancing behavior, a key COVID-19 preventive behavior, over a four-month period. Design: A three-wave longitudinal survey design. Methods: Australian and US residents (N = 601) completed self-report measures of social cognition constructs (attitude, subjective norm, moral norm, perceived behavioral control [PBC]), intention, habit, and physical distancing behavior on an initial occasion (T1) and on two further occasions one week (T2) and four months (T3) later. Results: A structural equation model revealed that subjective norm, moral norm, and PBC, were consistent predictors of physical distancing intention on all three occasions. Intention and habit at T1 and T2 predicted physical distancing behavior at T2 and T3, respectively. Intention at T2 mediated effects of subjective norm, moral norm, and PBC at T2 on physical distancing behavior at T3, and habit at T1 and T2 mediated effects of behavior at T1 and T2 on follow-up behavior at T2 and T3, respectively. Conclusion: Normative (subjective and moral norms) and capacity (PBC) constructs were consistent predictors of physical distancing intention, and intention and habit were consistent predictors of physical distancing behavior. Interventions promoting physical distancing should target change in normative and personal capacity beliefs, and habit.


Keywords: pandemics; communicable diseases; COVID-19; health behaviour; behavioural patterns; habits; social cognition

Free keywords: social cognition theory; habit; integrated models; social distancing; behavior change


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Ministry reporting: Yes

JUFO rating: 2

Preliminary JUFO rating: 2


Last updated on 2023-02-02 at 13:42