A1 Journal article (refereed)
The dynamic relationship between response processes and self-regulation in critical thinking assessments (2021)

Hyytinen, H., Ursin, J., Silvennoinen, K., Kleemola, K., & Toom, A. (2021). The dynamic relationship between response processes and self-regulation in critical thinking assessments. Studies in Educational Evaluation, 71, Article 101090. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stueduc.2021.101090

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsHyytinen, Heidi; Ursin, Jani; Silvennoinen, Kaisa; Kleemola, Katri; Toom, Auli

Journal or seriesStudies in Educational Evaluation



Publication year2021


Article number101090

PublisherElsevier BV

Publication countryUnited States

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/78066


Our aim was to explore higher education students’ response and self-regulatory processes plus the relationship between these, as evidenced in two types of performance-based critical thinking tasks included in the Collegiate Learning Assessment (CLA+) International instrument. The data collection consisted of 20 cognitive laboratories. The data were analyzed using a qualitative approach. The tasks were found to trigger different response and self-regulatory processes. Overall, the performance task evoked more holistic processes than the selected-response questions, in which students’ processes were more question-oriented. The results also indicated the entanglement of students’ response and self-regulation processes. Three self-regulation groups were identified. Students with versatile self-regulation skills were able to complete the task thoroughly, whereas students with moderate self-regulation skills faced challenges in monitoring and evaluating their performance. Students who were lacking in self-regulation struggled both with the task as a whole and their own progress. Implications for higher education are discussed.

Keywordsstudentslearningcritical thinkingself-regulation (control)challengesevaluationself-evaluationstudies in an institution of higher educationtertiary educationqualitative analysis (chemical analysis)

Free keywordsperformance-based assessment; critical thinking; response processes; self-regulation; undergraduate students; qualitative analysis

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Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-22-04 at 13:50