A1 Journal article (refereed)
International Student Migration in Finland : The Role of Graduation on Staying (2021)

Mathies, C., & Karhunen, H. (2021). International Student Migration in Finland : The Role of Graduation on Staying. Journal of International Students, 11(4), 874-894. https://doi.org/10.32674/jis.v11i4.2427

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsMathies, Charles; Karhunen, Hannu

Journal or seriesJournal of International Students



Publication year2021

Publication date06/03/2021


Issue number4

Pages range874-894

PublisherSTAR Scholars Network

Publication countryUnited States

Publication languageEnglish


Persistent website addresshttps://www.ojed.org/index.php/jis/article/view/2427

Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/78818


There is increasing attention on the retention of international students with many stakeholders desiring to keep international students for long-term economic growth. This study examines the factors affecting international students to stay in Finland five years after initial enrolment with particular focus on the role graduation plays in students staying or leaving. Tracking 11 (years) entering cohorts for five years across national (Finland) data registries, we found evidence of an inverse relationship between graduation, degree type, and the probability of staying; higher the degree level of graduation, the decrease in probability an international student stays. We conclude that while graduation is a key metric and discussion point in national and institutional policy, our findings suggest focusing on improving international students’ ability to integrate into a host country’s labor market and promotion of an environment conducive for international students’ families, more than graduation, would produce higher stay rates of international students.

Keywordsforeign studentsinternational mobilitymigratory movement (demography)studies in an institution of higher educationgraduationexaminations (degrees)integration of migrantslabour marketeducation policy

Free keywordsacademic success; graduation; international students; international student migration; stay rates

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-22-04 at 17:48