A1 Journal article (refereed)
Polygenic Score for Physical Activity Is Associated with Multiple Common Diseases (2022)


Sillanpää, E., Palviainen, T., Ripatti, S., Kujala, U. M., & Kaprio, J. (2022). Polygenic Score for Physical Activity Is Associated with Multiple Common Diseases. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 54(2), 280-287. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000002788


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Sillanpää, Elina; Palviainen, Teemu; Ripatti, Samuli; Kujala, Urho M.; Kaprio, Jaakko

Journal or series: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

ISSN: 0195-9131

eISSN: 1530-0315

Publication year: 2022

Volume: 54

Issue number: 2

Pages range: 280-287

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; American College of Sports Medicine

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000002788

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Partially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/79402


Abstract

Introduction
Genetic pleiotropy, in which the same genes affect two or more traits, may partially explain the frequently observed associations between high physical activity (PA) and later reduced morbidity or mortality. This study investigated associations between PA polygenic risk scores (PRSs) and cardiometabolic diseases among the Finnish population.

Methods
PRSs for device-measured overall PA were adapted to a FinnGen study cohort of 218,792 individuals with genome-wide genotyping and extensive digital longitudinal health register data. Associations between PA PRS and body mass index (BMI), diseases, and mortality were analysed with linear and logistic regression models.

Results
A high PA PRS predicted a lower BMI (β -0.025 kg/m2 per one standard deviation (SD) change in PA PRS, SE 0.013, p = 1.87x10-80). The PA PRS also predicted a lower risk for diseases that typically develop later in life or not at all among highly active individuals. A lower disease risk was systematically observed for cardiovascular diseases [odds ratio, OR per 1 SD change in PA PRS 0.95, p = 9.5*10-19) and, for example, hypertension [OR 0.93, p = 2.7*10-44), type 2 diabetes (OR 0.91, p = 4.1*10-42), and coronary heart disease (OR 0.95 p = 1.2*10-9). Participants with high PA PRS had also lower mortality risk (OR 0.97, p = 0.0003).

Conclusions
Genetically less active persons are at a higher risk of developing cardiometabolic diseases, which may partly explain the previously observed associations between low PA and higher disease and mortality risk. The same inherited physical fitness and metabolism related mechanisms may be associated both with PA levels and with cardiometabolic disease risk.


Keywords: physical activeness; cardiovascular diseases; prevalence of a condition; mortality; risk factors; genetic factors; cohort study; longitudinal research


Contributing organizations


Ministry reporting: Yes

Preliminary JUFO rating: 3


Last updated on 2022-18-01 at 15:38