A1 Journal article (refereed)
Neural Networks with Disabilities : An Introduction to Complementary Artificial Intelligence (2022)

Terziyan, V., & Kaikova, O. (2022). Neural Networks with Disabilities : An Introduction to Complementary Artificial Intelligence. Neural Computation, 34(1), 255-290. https://doi.org/10.1162/neco_a_01449

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsTerziyan, Vagan; Kaikova, Olena

Journal or seriesNeural Computation



Publication year2022

Publication date19/10/2021


Issue number1

Pages range255–290

PublisherMIT Press

Publication countryUnited States

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessNot open

Publication channel open access

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/85058


Machine learning is a good tool to simulate human cognitive skills as it is about mapping perceived information to various labels or action choices, aiming at optimal behavior policies for a human or an artificial agent operating in the environment. Regarding autonomous systems, objects and situations are perceived by some receptors as divided between sensors. Reactions to the input (e.g., actions) are distributed among the particular capability providers or actuators. Cognitive models can be trained as, for example, neural networks. We suggest training such models for cases of potential disabilities. Disability can be either the absence of one or more cognitive sensors or actuators at different levels of cognitive model. We adapt several neural network architectures to simulate various cognitive disabilities. The idea has been triggered by the “coolability” (enhanced capability) paradox, according to which a person with some disability can be more efficient in using other capabilities. Therefore, an autonomous system (human or artificial) pretrained with simulated disabilities will be more efficient when acting in adversarial conditions. We consider these coolabilities as complementary artificial intelligence and argue on the usefulness if this concept for various applications.

Keywordsmachine learningneural networks (information technology)cognitive skillsdisabilitiessimulation

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating3

Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 17:45