A2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review
Myopia : maailmanlaajuinen epidemia (2021)
The global epidemic of myopia

Pärssinen, O., & Wedenoja, J. (2021). Myopia : maailmanlaajuinen epidemia. Lääkärilehti, 76(38), 2073-2078. https://www.laakarilehti.fi/tieteessa/katsausartikkeli/myopia-ndash-maailmanlaajuinen-epidemia/

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Pärssinen, Olavi; Wedenoja, Juho

Journal or series: Lääkärilehti

ISSN: 0039-5560

eISSN: 2489-7434

Publication year: 2021

Volume: 76

Issue number: 38

Pages range: 2073-2078

Publisher: Suomen lääkäriliitto

Publication country: Finland

Publication language: Finnish

Persistent website address: https://www.laakarilehti.fi/tieteessa/katsausartikkeli/myopia-ndash-maailmanlaajuinen-epidemia/

Publication open access: Other way freely accessible online

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/79648

Additional information: Katsaus­artikkeli.


The prevalence of myopia has increased significantly worldwide during the last decades.

Myopia increases the risk for many eye diseases and visual impairment.

Genetic factors explain myopia aetiology only to a small degree.

The increase in myopia has apparently been most strongly influenced by the increase in near work and the decrease in time spent outdoors.

Spending more time outdoors and avoiding prolonged near work have diminished the incidence of myopia among schoolchildren.

Using 0.01% atropine eye drops has given promising results in decreasing myopic progression, but more knowledge on the long-term benefits and possible disadvantages is needed.

Keywords: refractive errors; myopia; occurence; environmental factors; genetic factors; eye diseases; risks; pre-emption; pharmacotherapy

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 13:21