A1 Journal article (refereed)
Predictors of school students’ leisure-time physical activity : An extended trans-contextual model using Bayesian path analysis (2021)

Polet, J., Schneider, J., Hassandra, M., Lintunen, T., Laukkanen, A., Hankonen, N., Hirvensalo, M., Tammelin, T. H., Hamilton, K., & Hagger, M. S. (2021). Predictors of school students’ leisure-time physical activity : An extended trans-contextual model using Bayesian path analysis. PLoS ONE, 16(11), Article e0258829. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0258829

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsPolet, Juho; Schneider, Jekaterina; Hassandra, Mary; Lintunen, Taru; Laukkanen, Arto; Hankonen, Nelli; Hirvensalo, Mirja; Tammelin, Tuija H.; Hamilton, Kyra; Hagger, Martin S.

Journal or seriesPLoS ONE


Publication year2021

Publication date12/11/2021


Issue number11

Article numbere0258829

PublisherPublic Library of Science

Publication countryUnited States

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/78683

Web address of parallel published publication (pre-print)https://europepmc.org/article/ppr/ppr275185


The present study aimed to examine effects of motivational and social cognition constructs on children’s leisure-time physical activity participation alongside constructs representing implicit processes using an extended trans-contextual model. The study adopted a correlational prospective design. Secondary-school students (N = 502) completed self-report measures of perceived autonomy support from physical education (PE) teachers, autonomous motivation in PE and leisure-time contexts, and social cognition constructs (attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control), intentions, trait self-control, habits, and past behavior in a leisure-time physical activity context. Five weeks later, students (N = 298) self-reported their leisure-time physical activity participation. Bayesian path analyses supported two key premises of the model: perceived autonomy support was related to autonomous motivation in PE, and autonomous motivation in PE was related to autonomous motivation in leisure time. Indirect effects indicated that both forms of autonomous motivation were related to social cognition constructs and intentions. However, intention was not related to leisure-time physical activity participation, so model variables reflecting motivational processes did not account for substantive variance in physical activity participation. Self-control, attitudes, and past behavior were direct predictors of intentions and leisure-time physical activity participation. There were indirect effects of autonomous motivation in leisure time on intentions and physical activity participation mediated by self-control. Specifying informative priors for key model relations using Bayesian analysis yielded greater precision for some model effects. Findings raise some questions on the predictive validity of constructs from the original trans-contextual model in the current sample, but highlight the value of extending the model to incorporate additional constructs representing non-conscious processes.

Keywordschildren (age groups)pupilsphysical activityphysical trainingmotivation (mental objects)physical education (school subject)leisuresocial cognitionBayesian analysis

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Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-22-04 at 11:16