A1 Journal article (refereed)
Temporary Allee effects among non‐stationary recruitment dynamics in depleted gadid and flatfish populations (2022)

Tirronen, M., Perälä, T., & Kuparinen, A. (2022). Temporary Allee effects among non‐stationary recruitment dynamics in depleted gadid and flatfish populations. Fish and Fisheries, 23(2), 392-406. https://doi.org/10.1111/faf.12623

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Tirronen, Maria; Perälä, Tommi; Kuparinen, Anna

Journal or series: Fish and Fisheries

ISSN: 1467-2960

eISSN: 1467-2979

Publication year: 2022

Publication date: 22/10/2021

Volume: 23

Issue number: 2

Pages range: 392-406

Publisher: Wiley

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/faf.12623

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Partially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/78835


Many considerably declined fish populations have not fully recovered despite reductions in fishing pressure. One of the possible causes of impaired recovery is the (demographic) Allee effect. To investigate whether low-abundance recruitment dynamics can switch between compensation and depensation, the latter implying the presence of the Allee effect, we analysed the stock–recruitment time series of 17 depleted cod-type and flatfish populations using a Bayesian change point model. The recruitment dynamics were represented with the sigmoidal Beverton–Holt and the Saila–Lorda stock–recruitment models, allowing the parameters of the models to shift at a priori unknown change points. Our synthesis study questions the common assumption that recruitment is stationary and compensatory and the high amount of scatteredness often present in stock–recruitment data is only due to random variation. When a moderate amount of such variation was assumed, stock–recruitment dynamics were best explained by a non-stationary model for 53% of the populations, which suggests that these populations exhibit temporal changes in the stock–recruitment relationship. For four populations, we found shifts between compensation and depensation, suggesting the presence of temporary Allee effects. However, the evidence of Allee effects was highly dependent on the priors of the stock–recruitment model parameters and the amount of random variation assumed. Nonetheless, detection of changes in low-abundance recruitment is essential in stock assessment since such changes affect the renewal ability of the population and, ultimately, its sustainable harvest limits.

Keywords: fish populations; recovery (return); population dynamics; fishery; overfishing; Gadiformes; flatfishes

Free keywords: change point model; compensation; depensation; regime shifts; stock–recruitment

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Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2022

JUFO rating: 3

Last updated on 2023-12-10 at 15:28