A1 Journal article (refereed)
Psychophysical burden and lack of support : Reasons for care workers’ intentions to leave their work in the Nordic countries (2022)

Van Aerschot, L., Mathew Puthenparambil, J., Olakivi, A., & Kröger, T. (2022). Psychophysical burden and lack of support : Reasons for care workers’ intentions to leave their work in the Nordic countries. International Journal of Social Welfare, 31(3), 333-346. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijsw.12520

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Van Aerschot, Lina; Mathew Puthenparambil, Jiby; Olakivi, Antero; Kröger, Teppo

Journal or series: International Journal of Social Welfare

ISSN: 1369-6866

eISSN: 1468-2397

Publication year: 2022

Publication date: 30/11/2021

Volume: 31

Issue number: 3

Pages range: 333-346

Publisher: Wiley

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/ijsw.12520

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/78896


Long-term care of older adults is currently suffering from a shortage of trained personnel and high turnover rates. Care work is poorly paid, demanding, increasingly time-bound and both mentally and physically burdensome. In this study, we examined the individual, organisational and economic factors that predict professional care workers’ intentions to leave their current employment, using the NORDCARE survey data (2015, N = 3801) collected in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. The respondents were mainly practical and assistant nurses. The analysis showed that the predictors of intentions to leave were similar in the four countries. The most consistent organisational predictors of leaving intentions were related to psychophysical burden and a lack of supervisor support. Younger age also predicted intentions to leave. To break the vicious circle of burdensome work and high turnover, care workers need sufficient resources and support to conduct their work properly.

Keywords: nursing (work); care sector; staff; nursing staff; health care personnel; practical nurses; practical nurses; care for older people; institutions for elderly care; older people; long-term care; working life; well-being at work; changing jobs; labour turnover; labour demand; need for labour; psychophysiology

Free keywords: care work; leaving intentions; long- term care; older adults; psychophysical burden

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2022

Preliminary JUFO rating: 2

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 14:02