A1 Journal article (refereed)
Perceived motivational climate influences athletes’ emotion regulation strategies, emotions, and psychobiosocial experiences (2022)


Robazza, C., Morano, M., Bortoli, L., & Ruiz, M. C. (2022). Perceived motivational climate influences athletes’ emotion regulation strategies, emotions, and psychobiosocial experiences. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 59, Article 102110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2021.102110


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Robazza, Claudio; Morano, Milena; Bortoli, Laura; Ruiz, Montse C.

Journal or series: Psychology of Sport and Exercise

ISSN: 1469-0292

eISSN: 1878-5476

Publication year: 2022

Volume: 59

Article number: 102110

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication country: Netherlands

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2021.102110

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:


Abstract

The purpose of the study was to investigate whether athletes’ perceptions about the motivational climate created by their coach influence emotion regulation strategies (i.e., cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression), emotions, and psychobiosocial experiences of athletes. A sample of 459 competitive athletes (201 women, 258 men), aged 16–35 years, drawn from individual and team sports, completed self-assessment measures of perceived motivational climate, emotion regulation, sport emotions, and psychobiosocial experiences. Main results from structural equation modeling showed that perceived mastery climate was positively related to cognitive reappraisal, pleasant emotions, and psychobiosocial experiences, while perceived performance climate was positively related to expressive suppression and unpleasant emotions. Moreover, mediation analysis showed perceived mastery climate to have positive indirect effects on pleasant emotions and psychobiosocial experiences via cognitive reappraisal, while performance climate had indirect effects on unpleasant emotions via expressive suppression. Overall findings suggest that the type of motivational climate created by the coach has consequences in terms of athletes’ emotion regulation strategies, emotions, and psychobiosocial experiences.


Keywords: athletes; coaches (occupations); ambience; emotions; regulation (adjustment); motivation (mental objects); psychosocial factors; experiences (knowledge); performance (physical capacity)

Free keywords: achievement goal theory; process model of emotion regulation; cognitive reappraisal; expressive suppression


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Ministry reporting: Yes

Preliminary JUFO rating: 1


Last updated on 2021-14-12 at 13:29