A1 Journal article (refereed)
Toimijuus ja vuorovaikutusjärjestys amerikkalaisten suomenoppijoiden itsenäisessä kielenkäytössä (2021)

Räsänen, E. (2021). Toimijuus ja vuorovaikutusjärjestys amerikkalaisten suomenoppijoiden itsenäisessä kielenkäytössä. Puhe ja kieli, 41(3), 225-245. https://doi.org/10.23997/pk.112565

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsRäsänen, Elisa

Journal or seriesPuhe ja kieli



Publication year2021


Issue number3

Pages range225-245

PublisherPuheen ja kielen tutkimuksen yhdistys ry

Publication countryFinland

Publication languageFinnish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/78910


This paper focuses on Finnish learners’ independent target language use outside of class in an American university-level Finnish program that is geographically distant from any native speaker communities. Earlier research has demonstrated a mismatch between classroom and outside of class learning and use. In the global postmodern world foreign language students can use the target language in authentic situations already at the beginning of their studies in their learning environment, as this paper demonstrates. The study follows a nexus analytical method and an ecological approach to language learning to explore and analyze how four American learners of Finnish report and reflect on their language use. The data is excerpted from a portfolio assignment in which students have documented and reflected on their independent language use and it is analyzed using discourse analysis. Students’ active agency and initiative had a significant role in the interactions. The interactions reported in the portfolios were hierarchically constructed following the different perceived roles of a language learner and an expert speaker. Students utilized their interlocutor to get maximal relevant exposure in the target language and the interaction event was often constructed around the learner’s questions and expert speaker’s answers. The results can be used to develop foreign language pedagog y to better correspond with learners’ actual needs in the target language.

Keywordsdiscourse analysisnexus analysissocial mediahuman agencylanguage learning

Free keywordsaffordanssit; vuorovaikutusjärjestys

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 17:16