A1 Journal article (refereed)
Design of a programmable and modular neuromuscular electrical stimulator integrated into a wireless Body Sensor Network (2021)

Cerone, G. L., Giangrande, A., Vieira, T., Pisaturo, D., Ionescu, M., Gazzoni, M., & Botter, A. (2021). Design of a programmable and modular neuromuscular electrical stimulator integrated into a wireless Body Sensor Network. IEEE Access, 9, 163284-163296. https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2021.3133096

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsCerone, Giacinto Luigi; Giangrande, Alessandra; Vieira, Taian; Pisaturo, Domenico; Ionescu, Mihai; Gazzoni, Marco; Botter, Alberto

Journal or seriesIEEE Access


Publication year2021


Pages range163284-163296

PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

Publication countryUnited States

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/78968


Neuromuscular electrical stimulation finds application in several fields, from basic neurophysiology, to motor rehabilitation and cardiovascular conditioning. Despite the progressively increasing interest in this technique, its State-of-the-Art technology is mainly based on monolithic, mostly wired devices, leading to two main issues. First, these devices are often bulky, limiting their usability in applied contexts. Second, the possibility of interfacing these stimulation devices with external systems for the acquisition of electrophysiological and biomechanical variables to control the stimulation output is often limited. The aim of this work is to describe the design and development of an innovative electrical stimulator, specifically developed to contend with these issues. The developed device is composed of wireless modules that can be programmed and easily interfaced with third-party instrumentation. Moreover, benefiting from the system modular architecture, stimulation may be delivered concurrently to different sites while greatly reducing cable encumbrance. The main design choices and experimental tests are documented, evidencing the practical potential of the device in use-case scenarios.

Keywordsneuromuscular activityrehabilitationelectric stimulation therapywireless technologysensor networks

Free keywordselectrical stimulation; Functional Electrical Stimulation; medical instrumentation for electrical stimulation; modular wireless systems; neuromuscular system; rehabilitation

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating2

Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 17:35