A1 Journal article (refereed)
For a real job? : Views on the teaching of competence in working life by students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) (2021)

Mäkinen, M. (2021). For a real job? : Views on the teaching of competence in working life by students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 11(3), 66-87. https://doi.org/10.3384/njvet.2242-458x.2111366

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Mäkinen, Marika

Journal or series: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training

eISSN: 2242-458X

Publication year: 2021

Publication date: 09/12/2021

Volume: 11

Issue number: 3

Pages range: 66-87

Publisher: Linköping University Electronic Press

Publication country: Sweden

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3384/njvet.2242-458x.2111366

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/79066


In this study, twelve young students on the autism spectrum were interviewed on preparation for working life, employment guidance, the challenges and strengths of the autism spectrum, and suitable teaching methods. Interviews were supported by a structured and illustrated questionnaire. The data were analysed using key statistics. The results showed that, from the students’ perspective, the most important issues in preparation for work are familiarisation with different jobs, guidance in searching for a suitable job, evaluation of the suitability of the working environment, integration of occupational safety into work skills, and acquiring conversational skills in the workplace. The selection of a suitable working environment is clearly emphasised before transitioning to work. Acquiring and keeping a job require investing in social situations and skills in studying. The structuring should be flexible and adaptable according to situations and personal needs. Educationally, social interaction, social skills, and communication should form a coherent whole. The main goal for everyday life ought to be communicative and based on a structure for acquiring different skills. The results can be utilised in a vocational education and training (VET) context, because they support the importance of preparatory education as part of these studies. In addition, the results can also be used in on-the-job learning plans for VET.

Keywords: students; autism spectrum disorders; access to employment; vocational education and training; preparatory education; transferable skills; communicative skills; participation

Free keywords: autism spectrum disorder (ASD); employment; preparatory education; communication; participation

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-14-09 at 12:08