A1 Journal article (refereed)
Self-regulation in High-level Ice Hockey Players : An Application of the MuSt Theory (2021)

Ruiz, M. C., Luojumäki, R., Karvinen, S., Bortoli, L., & Robazza, C. (2021). Self-regulation in High-level Ice Hockey Players : An Application of the MuSt Theory. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(24), Article 13317. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182413317

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Ruiz, Montse C.; Luojumäki, Reko; Karvinen, Samppa; Bortoli, Laura; Robazza, Claudio

Journal or series: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

ISSN: 1661-7827

eISSN: 1660-4601

Publication year: 2021

Volume: 18

Issue number: 24

Article number: 13317

Publisher: MDPI

Publication country: Switzerland

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182413317

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/79276

Additional information: Section: Sport and Health


The purpose of the study was to examine the validity of core action elements and feeling states in ice hockey players in the prediction of performance. A second aim of the study was to explore the effectiveness of a 30-day program targeting action and emotion regulation. Participants were male ice hockey players drawn from two teams competing at the highest level of the junior Finnish ice hockey league. They were assigned to a self-regulation (n = 24) and a control (n = 19) group. The self-regulation program focused on the recreation of optimal execution of core action elements and functional feeling states. Separate repeated measures MANOVAs indicated significant differences in ratings of perceived control and execution accuracy ratings of self-selected visual and behavioral components of the action (critical for optimal performance) and psychobiosocial (feeling) states across recalled best and worst games. Results support the use of both action- and emotion-centered strategies for performance enhancement. Future research including psychophysiological markers is warranted.

Keywords: athletes; ice hockey players; emotions; self-regulation (psychology); performance (capacity); sport psychology

Free keywords: psychobiosocial states; action components; emotion; performance; MuSt theory

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 15:05