A1 Journal article (refereed)
Effects of Physical and Cognitive Training on Falls and Concern about Falling in Older Adults : Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial (2022)

Turunen, K. M., Tirkkonen, A., Savikangas, T., Hänninen, T., Alen, M., Fielding, R. A., Kivipelto, M., Stigsdotter, N. A., Törmäkangas, T., & Sipilä, S. (2022). Effects of Physical and Cognitive Training on Falls and Concern about Falling in Older Adults : Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial. Journals of Gerontology Series A : Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 77(7), 1430-1437. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glab375

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsTurunen, Katri M; Tirkkonen, Anna; Savikangas, Tiina; Hänninen, Tuomo; Alen, Markku; Fielding, Roger A; Kivipelto, Miia; Stigsdotter, Neely Anna; Törmäkangas, Timo; Sipilä, Sarianna

Journal or seriesJournals of Gerontology Series A : Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences



Publication year2022

Publication date15/12/2021


Issue number7

Pages range1430-1437

PublisherOxford University Press (OUP)

Publication countryUnited States

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/79118


The aim of this study is to investigate whether combined cognitive and physical training provides additional benefits to fall prevention when compared with physical training alone in older adults.

This is a prespecified secondary analysis of a single-blind, randomized controlled trial involving community‐dwelling men and women aged 70 to 85 years who did not meet the physical activity guidelines. The participants were randomized into combined physical and cognitive training (PTCT, n=155) and physical training (PT, n=159) groups. PT included supervised and home-based physical exercises following the physical activity recommendations. PTCT included PT and computer-based cognitive training. The outcome was the rate of falls over the 12-month intervention (PTCT, n=151 and PT, n=155) and 12-month postintervention follow-up (PTCT, n=143 and PT, n=148). Falls were ascertained from monthly diaries. Exploratory outcomes included the rate of injurious falls, faller/recurrent faller/fall-related fracture status, and concern about falling.

Estimated incidence rates of falls per person-year were 0.8 (95% CI 0.7–1.1) in the PTCT and 1.1 (95% CI 0.9–1.3) in the PT during the intervention and 0.8 (95% CI 0.7–1.0) versus 1.0 (95% CI 0.8–1.1), respectively, during the postintervention follow-up. There was no significant difference in the rate of falls during the intervention (incidence rate ratio [IRR] 0.78; 95% CI 0.56–1.10, p=0.152) or in the follow-up (IRR=0.83; 95% CI 0.59–1.15, p=0.263). No significant between-group differences were observed in any exploratory outcomes.

A yearlong PTCT intervention did not result in a significantly lower rate of falls or concern about falling than PT alone in older community‐dwelling adults.

Keywordsolder peoplefalling overexercisesexercise (people)executive functions (psychology)intervention studyfollow-up study

Free keywordsfall prevention; exercise; executive functions; intervention; follow-up

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Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating3

Last updated on 2024-15-06 at 21:26