A1 Journal article (refereed)
Determinants of Virtual Exercise Equipment Use : An Integrated Model Investigation (2022)

Kaushal, N., Berlin, K., & Hagger, M. S. (2022). Determinants of Virtual Exercise Equipment Use : An Integrated Model Investigation. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 44(1), 42-51. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2021-0143

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsKaushal, Navin; Berlin, Kathy; Hagger, Martin S.

Journal or seriesJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology



Publication year2022


Issue number1

Pages range42-51

PublisherHuman Kinetics Publishers

Publication countryUnited States

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessNot open

Publication channel open access


Background: Given the limited research on behavioral determinants of using virtual exercise machines to engage in exercise during the COVID-19 pandemic, this study applied an integrated behavior change model to identify behavioral determinants using these machines.
Method: Adult owners of livestreaming virtual exercise equipment (N = 123) completed measures of social cognition, planning, motivation, virtual exercise machine features, and sociostructural variables at an initial occasion (T1) and 4 weeks later (T2). Hypothesized relations among model constructs were tested using a cross-lagged structural equation model with past behavior and sociostructural variables as covariates.
Results: Autonomous motivation predicted intentions and habit indirectly via attitudes and perceived behavioral control at T1; virtual exercise machine features predicted intention and habit indirectly via social cognition constructs at T1; and intention and habit at T1 predicted exercise behavior at T2.
Conclusions: This study supports social cognition constructs and virtual features as predictors of exercise using virtual exercise machines.

Keywordsphysical activityexercise (people)exercise equipmentsports technologyhomehealth behaviourhabitsmotivation (mental objects)social cognition

Free keywordsphysical activity; home; habit; autonomous motivation

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating2

Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 19:06