D4 Published development or research report or study
Ilmakuvausjournalismin uudet ulottuvuudet : Drooneista satelliitteihin (2021)


Uskali, T., Ikonen, P., Manninen, V., & Hokkanen, J. (2021). Ilmakuvausjournalismin uudet ulottuvuudet : Drooneista satelliitteihin. Jyväskylän yliopisto. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-39-8951-4


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Uskali, Turo; Ikonen, Pasi; Manninen, Ville; Hokkanen, Jere

eISBN: 978-951-39-8951-4

Publication year: 2021

Number of pages in the book: 31

Publisher: Jyväskylän yliopisto

Place of Publication: Jyväskylä

Publication country: Finland

Publication language: Finnish

Persistent website address: http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-39-8951-4

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/79079


Abstract

This final report for “New dimensions in aerial photography and filming for journalism: from drones to satellites (DroSat)” portrays the main findings of the project. The project was conducted in the years 2020-2021 at the Department of Language and Communication Studies at the University of Jyväskylä and it was funded by the Media Industry Research
Foundation of Finland. Due to for example the Covid-19 pandemic, the project that was originally intended to be done in one year turned out to take several years in practice. The collection of research materials, the pilot version of the live-distance training and also the first research publication occurred in 2020. The presentation of the research results in international conferences happened in 2021, and further publications will still be published in 2022.

The main goal of the DroSat-project has been to bring Finnish research on aerial photography and filming in journalism to the forefront on a global level. At the same time, the intention has been to help particularly small and middle sized newspaper newsrooms to better utilize the new forms and practices of aerial journalism. The DroSat project became linked in 2020 to the larger international research network Journalism from above, which was coordinated by the Swedish Sundsvall Mittuniversitet. The drone journalism research for the project was focused on the practices of Finnish newsrooms. A central result was that the use of drones has rapidly become more common after the mid-2010s, and by the year 2020 drone photography and videos had been utilized by approximately two thirds of the newspapers. Drone use in newsrooms has also become more routine, in the year 2020 they were used at least weekly. Of the topics of aerial photography, prominent were
changes in the cityscape, particularly construction projects of various kinds, but the range of topics was quite vast. The use of video was still surprisingly rare apart from the Helsingin Sanomat. The new drone regulations of the European Union will affect the Finnish drone journalism starting from the year 2022. They bring some more restrictions on the use of drones, including a lowering of the maximum allowed flight height (120m) and an obligatory online exam. The research on satellite journalism focused on mapping the use of satellite pictures and locational data around the World. Satellite journalists and one satellite picture expert were interviewed from five countries: the UK, Norway, Germany, Finland, and the US. In addition, a large satellite journalistic corpus was gathered and there were two case
studies focusing on international news. The central result was that the availability and usability of satellite imagery has
been constantly improving. Satellite-produced data have brought new opportunities particularly for international news
and investigative journalism. The biggest problem of satellite materials has been interpreting the images. This has often called for help from experts outside the newsrooms. Bellingcat, a network specializing in investigative projects, has been one of the pioneers in utilizing satellite data. In Finland, the use of satellite data in journalism has remained rare.


Keywords: photojournalism; aerial photography; aerial photographs; unmanned aerial vehicles; satellite photography; satellite images

Free keywords: droonit


Contributing organizations

Other organizations:


Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021


Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 15:18