A2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review
Effects of Repeated Sprint Training in Hypoxia on Physical Performance Among Athletes : A Systematic Review (2021)
Efectos del Entrenamiento de Velocidad Repetida en Hipoxia Sobre el Rendimiento Físico Entre Atletas : Una Revisión Sistemática

Zelenovic, M., Kontro, T., Stojanovic, T., Alexe, D. I., Bozic, D., Aksovic, N., Bjelica, B., Milanovic, Z., & Adrian, S. M. (2021). Effects of Repeated Sprint Training in Hypoxia on Physical Performance Among Athletes : A Systematic Review. International Journal of Morphology, 39(6), 1625-1634. https://doi.org/10.4067/s0717-95022021000601625

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsZelenovic, Milan; Kontro, Titta; Stojanovic, Tijana; Alexe, Dan Iulian; Bozic, Danijel; Aksovic, Nikola; Bjelica, Bojan; Milanovic, Zoran; Adrian, Sava Mihai

Journal or seriesInternational Journal of Morphology



Publication year2021


Issue number6

Pages range1625-1634

PublisherSciELO Agencia Nacional de Investigacion y Desarrollo (ANID)

Publication countryChile

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/79192


Repeated sprint training in hypoxia (RSH) represents an innovative method in the process of development and improvement of physical performance among athletes. However, there is less scientific data on this topic. The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate the effect of RSH method on motor abilities and performance among athletes, obtain new information, and expand the already known conclusions. The data search was performed of 4 electronic databases for the years 2000-2021 May as follows: Google Scholar, PubMed, Web of Science, and ResearchGate. This search with English language restriction was made by using the following terms, individually/combination: "repeated sprint ability", "hypoxia", "effects", "physical performance", "VO2max" 844 studies were indentified, and 14 studies were selected (11 male studies, 1 female study, 2 both sexes). Results of this systematic review, a total sample size of 347 athletes (40 females and 307 males, aged 15.3 ± 0.5 - 35 ± 7 years), showed that RSH was an effective training method in improving all monitored variables (i.e. RSAmax, VO2max). However, it should be noted that major improvements were observed mainly in repeated sprint ability (RSA) tests, and less in aerobic tests (i.e. Wingate and Yo-Yo). In conclusion, based on current scientific studies, RSH is more effective method to improve the physical performance among athletes compared to repeated sprint training in normoxia (RSN). This study suggested that the RSH has a positive effect on the monitored variables in physical performance tests especially related to RSA.

Keywordsaltitude trainingsprintinghypoxiaperformance (capacity)aerobic capacitymaximal oxygen uptake

Free keywordsrepeated sprint ability; hypoxia; effects; physical performance; VO2max

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-22-04 at 16:03