A1 Journal article (refereed)
Understanding Different Approaches to ECE Pedagogy through Tensions (2021)

Kangas, J., Ukkonen-Mikkola, T., Harju-Luukkainen, H., Ranta, S., Chydenius, H., Lahdenperä, J., Neitola, M., Kinos, J., Sajaniemi, N., & Ruokonen, I. (2021). Understanding Different Approaches to ECE Pedagogy through Tensions. Education Sciences, 11(12), Article 790. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11120790

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsKangas, Jonna; Ukkonen-Mikkola, Tuulikki; Harju-Luukkainen, Heidi; Ranta, Samuli; Chydenius, Heidi; Lahdenperä, Jaana; Neitola, Marita; Kinos, Jarmo; Sajaniemi, Nina; Ruokonen, Inkeri

Journal or seriesEducation Sciences


Publication year2021

Publication date04/12/2021


Issue number12

Article number790

PublisherMDPI AG

Publication countrySwitzerland

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/79237


The concept of pedagogy is the key to understanding pedagogy in early childhood education (ECE) in the Nordic countries, which are known for their high quality of life and education. However, in ECE, there are several different approaches toward pedagogy and it can be said that pedagogy is a multidimensional and dynamic concept. In this paper, the different approaches to pedagogy are defined and reconceptualized through an integrative literature analysis focusing on scientific papers and research reports of the concept. Five approaches to pedagogy were constructed: pedagogy through interaction, pedagogy through scaffolding, pedagogy through didactics, pedagogy through expertise, and pedagogy through future orientation. The identified tensions and elements within the five approaches are presented. Finally, the shared elements among these pedagogical approaches are presented in a dynamic model.

Keywordspedagogylearningearly childhood education and caredidacticsinteractionteachersearly childhood education and care teacherschildren (age groups)conceptions of learning

Free keywordsNordic education; interaction; didactics; teacher; children; content; learning; scaffolding; pedagogical model

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 18:25