A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Drivers, barriers and impacts of digitalisation in rural areas from the viewpoint of experts (2022)


Ferrari, A., Bacco, M., Gaber, K., Jedlitschka, A., Hess, S., Kaipainen, J., Koltsida, P., Toli, E., & Brunori, G. (2022). Drivers, barriers and impacts of digitalisation in rural areas from the viewpoint of experts. Information and Software Technology, 145, Article 106816. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infsof.2021.106816


JYU-tekijät tai -toimittajat


Julkaisun tiedot

Julkaisun kaikki tekijät tai toimittajatFerrari, Alessio; Bacco, Manlio; Gaber, Kirsten; Jedlitschka, Andreas; Hess, Steffen; Kaipainen, Jouni; Koltsida, Panagiota; Toli, Eleni; Brunori, Gianluca

Lehti tai sarjaInformation and Software Technology

ISSN0950-5849

eISSN1873-6025

Julkaisuvuosi2022

Volyymi145

Artikkelinumero106816

KustantajaElsevier BV

JulkaisumaaBritannia

Julkaisun kielienglanti

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.infsof.2021.106816

Julkaisun avoin saatavuusAvoimesti saatavilla

Julkaisukanavan avoin saatavuusOsittain avoin julkaisukanava

Julkaisu on rinnakkaistallennettu (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/79861


Tiivistelmä

The domain of rural areas, including rural communities, agriculture, and forestry, is going through a process of deep digital transformation. Digitalisation can have positive impacts on sustainability in terms of greater environmental control, and community prosperity. At the same time, it can also have disruptive effects, with the marginalisation of actors that cannot cope with the change. When developing a novel system for rural areas, requirements engineers should carefully consider the specific socio-economic characteristics of the domain, so that potential positive effects can be maximised, while mitigating negative impacts.

Objective:
The goal of this paper is to support requirements engineers with a reference catalogue of drivers, barriers and potential impacts associated to the introduction of novel ICT solutions in rural areas.

Method:
To this end, we interview 30 cross-disciplinary experts in digitalisation of rural areas, and we analyse the transcripts to identify common themes.

Results:
According to the experts, main drivers are economic, with the possibility of reducing costs, and regulatory, as institutions push for more precise tracing and monitoring of production; barriers are the limited connectivity, but also distrust towards technology and other socio-cultural aspects; positive impacts are socio-economic (e.g., reduction of manual labor, greater productivity), while negative ones include potential dependency from technology, with loss of hands-on expertise, and marginalisation of certain actors (e.g., small farms, subjects with limited education).

Conclusion:
This paper contributes to the literature with a domain-specific catalogue that characterises digitalisation in rural areas. The catalogue can be used as a reference baseline for requirements elicitation endeavours in rural areas, to support domain analysis prior to the development of novel solutions, as well as fit-gap analysis for the adaptation of existing technologies.


YSO-asiasanatmaaseutumaatalousmetsätalousdigitalisaatioympäristövaikutuksettaloudelliset vaikutuksetkehittäminenkestävä kehitysaluekehitysohjelmistokehitysteknologinen kehitystuottavuus

Vapaat asiasanatsoftware engineering; requirements engineering; sustainability requirements; interviews; digitalisation; empirical study


Liittyvät organisaatiot


Hankkeet, joissa julkaisu on tehty


OKM-raportointiKyllä

Raportointivuosi2022

JUFO-taso3


Viimeisin päivitys 2024-14-06 klo 23:26