D4 Published development or research report or study
A review of national career development support systems : Armenia, Moldova, Panama and Viet Nam (2021)

Vuorinen, R. (2021). A review of national career development support systems : Armenia, Moldova, Panama and Viet Nam. International Labour Organization. https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_emp/---emp_ent/documents/publication/wcms_834868.pdf

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Vuorinen, Raimo

ISBN: 978-92-2-035653-1

eISBN: 978-92-2-035654-8

Publication year: 2021

Number of pages in the book: 45

Publisher: International Labour Organization

Place of Publication: Geneve

Publication country: Switzerland

Publication language: English

Persistent website address: https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_emp/---emp_ent/documents/publication/wcms_834868.pdf

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel


This report synthesises the results of four national career development support system reviews in Armenia, Moldova, Panama, and Viet Nam. The analysis introduces examples of national career development practices and policies, challenges and recommendations for further actions. The report illustrates the added value of ongoing and finalised national review processes, their contribution to system and policy development, taking into account their diverse societal, economic, and political contexts, as well as the different stages of developing their career development support sys­tems. Aspects discussed include availability and use of labour market information, fragmentation of services, inequalities in access to career support, use of digital technology and the engagement of social partners.

Keywords: career development; forms of support; direction (instruction and guidance); services; availability; labour market; access to employment; labour market policy; political systems; evaluation; inequality; international comparison

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

Last updated on 2022-19-08 at 19:56