A1 Journal article (refereed)
Dy159 Electron-Capture : A New Candidate for Neutrino Mass Determination (2021)

Ge, Z., Eronen, T., Tyrin, K. S., Kotila, J., Kostensalo, J., Nesterenko, Dimitrii A., Beliuskina, O., de Groote, R., de Roubin, A., Geldhof, S., Gins, W., Hukkanen, M., Jokinen, A., Kankainen, A., Koszorús, Á., Krivoruchenko, M. I., Kujanpää, S., Moore, Ian D., Raggio, A., . . . Zadvornaya, A. (2021). Dy159 Electron-Capture : A New Candidate for Neutrino Mass Determination. Physical Review Letters, 127(27), Article 272301. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.127.272301

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Ge, Zhuang; Eronen, Tommi; Tyrin, K. S.; Kotila, Jenni; Kostensalo, Joel; Nesterenko, Dimitrii A.; Beliuskina, Olga; de Groote, Ruben; de Roubin, A.; Geldhof, Sarina; et al.

Journal or series: Physical Review Letters

ISSN: 0031-9007

eISSN: 1079-7114

Publication year: 2021

Publication date: 29/12/2021

Volume: 127

Issue number: 27

Article number: 272301

Publisher: American Physical Society (APS)

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.127.272301

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/79496

Publication is parallel published: https://arxiv.org/abs/2106.06626


The ground state to ground state electron-capture Q value of 159Dy (3/2−) has been measured directly using the double Penning trap mass spectrometer JYFLTRAP. A value of 364.73(19) keV was obtained from a measurement of the cyclotron frequency ratio of the decay parent 159Dy and the decay daughter 159Tb ions using the novel phase-imaging ion-cyclotron resonance technique. The Q values for allowed Gamow-Teller transition to 5/2− and the third-forbidden unique transition to 11/2+ state with excitation energies of 363.5449(14) keV and 362.050(40) keV in 159Tb were determined to be 1.18(19) keV and 2.68(19) keV, respectively. The high-precision Q value of transition 3/2−→5/2− from this work, revealing itself as the lowest electron-capture Q value, is used to unambiguously characterize all the possible lines that are present in its electron-capture spectrum. We performed atomic many-body calculations for both transitions to determine electron-capture probabilities from various atomic orbitals and found an order of magnitude enhancement in the event rates near the end point of energy spectrum in the transition to the 5/2− nuclear excited state, which can become very interesting once the experimental challenges of identifying decays into excited states are overcome. The transition to the 11/2+ state is strongly suppressed and found unsuitable for measuring the neutrino mass. These results show that the electron-capture in the 159Dy atom, going to the 5/2− state of the 159Tb nucleus, is a new candidate that may open the way to determine the electron-neutrino mass in the sub-eV region by studying electron-capture. Further experimental feasibility studies, including coincidence measurements with realistic detectors, will be of great interest.

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Preliminary JUFO rating: 3

Last updated on 2022-05-04 at 08:20