A1 Journal article (refereed)
Pathways from childhood socioemotional characteristics and cognitive skills to midlife health behaviours (2022)


Kekäläinen, T., Karvonen, J., Törmäkangas, T., Pulkkinen, L., & Kokko, K. (2022). Pathways from childhood socioemotional characteristics and cognitive skills to midlife health behaviours. Psychology and Health, Early online. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2022.2041639


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Kekäläinen, Tiia; Karvonen, Jenni; Törmäkangas, Timo; Pulkkinen, Lea; Kokko, Katja

Journal or series: Psychology and Health

ISSN: 0887-0446

eISSN: 1476-8321

Publication year: 2022

Publication date: 28/02/2022

Volume: Early online

Publisher: Routledge

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2022.2041639

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Partially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/80035


Abstract

Objective: This longitudinal study investigated the pathways from childhood socioemotional characteristics and cognitive skills to health behaviours in midlife.
Methods: Participants in the Jyväskylä Longitudinal Study of Personality and Social Development (JYLS) were followed from age 8 (n=369) to age 50 (n=271). Outcomes included physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption and body mass index (BMI) assessed at ages 36, 42 and 50. Predictors were socioemotional characteristics (behavioural activity, negative emotionality, and well-controlled behaviour) and parents’ occupational status collected at age 8, cognitive skills (school success at age 14 and the highest education at age 27) and adulthood personality traits (extraversion, neuroticism and conscientiousness). Longitudinal path modelling was used for analyses.
Results: Well-controlled behaviour and extraversion predicted physical activity in women. Behavioural activity predicted alcohol consumption in women and smoking in men. Negative emotionality was not directly connected to health behaviours. Adulthood neuroticism was associated with smoking in men and with alcohol-related problems in both men and women. There were some indirect paths from childhood socioemotional characteristics to midlife health behaviours through cognitive skills. None of the study variables predicted midlife BMI.
Conclusions: Childhood socioemotional characteristics have some predictive value on midlife health behaviours, both directly and through cognitive skills.


Keywords: childhood; middle age; course of life; development of personality; health behaviour; lifestyle habits; cognitive skills; longitudinal research

Free keywords: childhood; middle aged; health; personality; education


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Ministry reporting: No, publication in press

JUFO rating: 2

Preliminary JUFO rating: 2


Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 13:49