A1 Journal article (refereed)
Perfectionism and performance-related psychobiosocial states : The mediating role of competition appraisals (2023)

Ruiz, M. C., Appleton, P. R., Duda, J. L., Bortoli, L., & Robazza, C. (2023). Perfectionism and performance-related psychobiosocial states : The mediating role of competition appraisals. European Journal of Sport Science, 23(5), 797-808. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2022.2049374

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsRuiz, Montse C.; Appleton, Paul R.; Duda, Joan L.; Bortoli, Laura; Robazza, Claudio

Journal or seriesEuropean Journal of Sport Science



Publication year2023

Publication date07/03/2022


Issue number5

Pages range797-808

PublisherInforma UK Limited

Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/80259


Using the multi-states (MuSt) theory as a framework, the present study focused on the individual (personality) antecedents of psychobiosocial states. Psychobiosocial states comprise emotional subjective experiences and their correlates (cognitive, motivational, volitional, bodily, motor-behavioural, operational, and communicative), that can be functional for performance (helpful) or dysfunctional (harmful). Specifically, we examined the relationships between two perfectionism dimensions (perfectionistic strivings and concerns) and functional and dysfunctional psychobiosocial states. The hypothesised mediational role of competitive appraisals was also tested. Participants (N = 271, 138 female, 133 male, M age = 22.74 ± 7.01) completed questionnaires assessing the targeted variables. Structural equation modelling revealed that perfectionistic strivings were positive predictors of functional states directly and via challenge appraisals. On the other hand, perfectionistic concerns were positive predictors of dysfunctional states directly and via threat appraisals. Results provide support to MuSt theory and extend the literature on the antecedents of athletes’ performance related feeling states. Findings also provide support for the holistic conceptualization of psychobiosocial states encompassing the functionality dimension. The results highlight the importance of developing interventions aimed at helping athletes high in perfectionistic concerns evaluate situations as a challenge (and less of a threat) and increasing their perceived resources.

Keywordsathletesperfectionismperformance (capacity)emotionsobjectivesself-confidencedysfunctionsconcern

Free keywordschallenge appraisals; threat appraisals; MuSt theory; psychobiosocial states scale; structural equation modelling

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 19:05