A1 Journal article (refereed)
Conscription and Willingness to Defend as Cornerstones of National Defense in Israel and Finland (2020)

Hadar, M., & Häkkinen, T. (2020). Conscription and Willingness to Defend as Cornerstones of National Defense in Israel and Finland. Journal of Political and Military Sociology, 47(2), 188-218. https://doi.org/10.5744/jpms/2020/2004

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Hadar, Maya; Häkkinen, Teemu

Journal or series: Journal of Political and Military Sociology

ISSN: 0047-2697

eISSN: 2642-2190

Publication year: 2020

Publication date: 17/01/2022

Volume: 47

Issue number: 2

Pages range: 188-218

Publisher: University Press of Florida

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5744/jpms/2020/2004

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:


In this article we explore the role of conscription and citizens’ willingness to defend the state in Israel and Finland. Focusing on civil-military relations from a historical point of view, we concentrate on government-led efforts to create, cultivate, and maintain particular public attitudes toward national defense in both countries. Governments in both Israel and Finland utilize military conscription, as well as direct and indirect narratives of civic duty, to cultivate and maintain positive attitudes toward conscription and the willingness to defend. Despite significant differences stemming from each country’s unique geostrategic location, history, and security challenges, we find a shared tendency in both to frame, endorse, and sustain the mass mobilization of their citizens for mandatory military service.

Keywords: national defence; defence policy; conscription; civic duties; armed military service; will to defend country; attitudes

Free keywords: Israel; Suomi

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Preliminary JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-19-08 at 18:56