A1 Journal article (refereed)
Global urban environmental change drives adaptation in white clover (2022)

Santangelo, J. S., Ness, R. W., Cohan, B., Fitzpatrick, C. R., Innes, S. G., Koch, S., Miles, L. S., Munim, S., Peres-Neto, P. R., Prashad, C., Tong, A. T., Aguirre, W. E., Akinwole, P. O., Alberti, M., Álvarez, J., Anderson, J. T., Anderson, J. J., Ando, Y., Andrew, N. R., . . . Johnson, M. T. J. (2022). Global urban environmental change drives adaptation in white clover. Science, 375(6586), 1275-1281. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abk0989

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Santangelo, James S.; Ness, Rob W.; Cohan, Beata; Fitzpatrick, Connor R.; Innes, Simon G.; Koch, Sophie; Miles, Lindsay S.; Munim, Samreen; Peres-Neto, Pedro R.; Prashad, Cindy; et al.

Journal or series: Science

ISSN: 0036-8075

eISSN: 1095-9203

Publication year: 2022

Publication date: 18/03/2022

Volume: 375

Issue number: 6586

Pages range: 1275-1281

Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abk0989

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access: Channel is not openly available

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/84479

Additional information: Report.


Urbanization transforms environments in ways that alter biological evolution. We examined whether urban environmental change drives parallel evolution by sampling 110,019 white clover plants from 6169 populations in 160 cities globally. Plants were assayed for a Mendelian antiherbivore defense that also affects tolerance to abiotic stressors. Urban-rural gradients were associated with the evolution of clines in defense in 47% of cities throughout the world. Variation in the strength of clines was explained by environmental changes in drought stress and vegetation cover that varied among cities. Sequencing 2074 genomes from 26 cities revealed that the evolution of urban-rural clines was best explained by adaptive evolution, but the degree of parallel adaptation varied among cities. Our results demonstrate that urbanization leads to adaptation at a global scale.

Keywords: evolution; evolutionary ecology; adaptation (change); environmental changes; urbanisation; vegetation; Dutch clover

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2022

Preliminary JUFO rating: 3

Last updated on 2022-19-12 at 12:36