A1 Journal article (refereed)
Gender bias and gender equality beliefs in teaching efficacy profiles of Finnish physical education teachers (2022)

Gråstén, A., Kokkonen, J., & Kokkonen, M. (2022). Gender bias and gender equality beliefs in teaching efficacy profiles of Finnish physical education teachers. Teachers and Teaching : Theory and Practice, 28(2), 246-262. https://doi.org/10.1080/13540602.2022.2062714

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Gråstén, Arto; Kokkonen, Juha; Kokkonen, Marja

Journal or series: Teachers and Teaching : Theory and Practice

ISSN: 1354-0602

eISSN: 1470-1278

Publication year: 2022

Publication date: 11/04/2022

Volume: 28

Issue number: 2

Pages range: 246-262

Publisher: Routledge

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13540602.2022.2062714

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/83941


Homogeneous teaching efficacy profiles of in-service physical education (PE) teachers (N = 175) from a variety of educational institutions, elementary to higher education, were examined. In addition, associated gender bias and equality beliefs in PE were investigated. Three profiles (Low, Intermediate, High) were identified using cross-sectional data collected via an anonymous online survey. The PE teachers with the highest teaching efficacy reported the highest higher gender equality beliefs. In the low efficacy profile, females and PE teachers with a master’s degree scored higher on gender equality beliefs than males or teachers with other tertiary education, and longer compared to shorter teaching experience was associated with higher gender bias. In the intermediate and high teaching efficacy profiles, males reported higher gender bias beliefs than females, whereas longer service was associated with lower gender equality beliefs only in the high teaching efficacy profile. Teacher education may be the most effective channel to tackle gender bias beliefs in PE classes, which should be free from all types of discrimination.

Keywords: physical education (school subject); teachers; physical education teachers; gender; gender differences; men; women; attitudes; conceptions; self-efficacy; equality (values); non-discrimination; teacher training

Free keywords: school; anti-discrimination; integrity; equity; latent class analysis

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2022

JUFO rating: 2

Last updated on 2023-30-08 at 09:44