A1 Journal article (refereed)
Learning to Cycle : A Cross-Cultural and Cross-Generational Comparison (2022)

Cordovil, R., Mercê, C., Branco, M., Lopes, F., Catela, D., Hasanen, E., Laukkanen, A., Tortella, P., Fumagalli, G., Sá, C., Jidovtseff, B., Zeuwts, L., De Meester, A., Bardid, F., Fujikawa, R., Veldman, S., Zlatar, S., & Estevan, I. (2022). Learning to Cycle : A Cross-Cultural and Cross-Generational Comparison. Frontiers in public health, 10, Article 861390. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2022.861390

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Cordovil, Rita; Mercê, Cristiana; Branco, Marco; Lopes, Frederico; Catela, David; Hasanen, Elina; Laukkanen, Arto; Tortella, Patrizia; Fumagalli, Guido; Sá, Cristina; et al.

Journal or series: Frontiers in public health

eISSN: 2296-2565

Publication year: 2022

Publication date: 28/04/2022

Volume: 10

Article number: 861390

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

Publication country: Switzerland

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2022.861390

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/80993

Publication is parallel published: https://pureportal.strath.ac.uk/en/publications/learning-to-cycle-a-cross-cultural-and-cross-generational-compari


Background: Learning to cycle is an important milestone for children, but the popularity of cycling and the environmental factors that promote the development and practice of this foundational movement skill vary among cultures and across time. This present study aimed to investigate if country of residence and the generation in which a person was born influence the age at which people learn to cycle.

Methods: Data were collected through an online survey between November 2019 and December 2020. For this study, a total of 9,589 responses were obtained for adults (self-report) and children (parental report) living in 10 countries (Portugal, Italy, Brazil, Finland, Spain, Belgium, United Kingdom, Mexico, Croatia, and the Netherlands). Participants were grouped according to their year of birth with 20-year periods approximately corresponding to 3 generations: 1960–79 (generation X; n = 2,214); 1980–99 (generation Y; n = 3,994); 2000–2019 (generation Z; n = 3,381).

Results: A two-way ANOVA showed a significant effect of country, F(9,8628) = 90.17, p < 0.001, η2p = 0.086, and generation, F(2,8628) = 47.21, p < 0.001, η2p = 0.122, on the age at which individuals learn to cycle. Countries with the lowest learning age were the Netherlands, Finland and Belgium and countries with the highest learning age were Brazil and Mexico. Furthermore, the age at which one learns to cycle has decreased across generations. There was also a significant country x generation interaction effect on learning age, F(18,8628) = 2.90, p < 0.001; however, this effect was negligible (η2p = 0.006).

Conclusions: These findings support the socio-ecological perspective that learning to cycle is a process affected by both proximal and distal influences, including individual, environment and time.

Keywords: cycling; learning; children (age groups); generations; culture; exercise culture; attitudes; travel; moving; physical activeness; environmental factors

Free keywords: cycling; country; generation; active travel; children

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Related research datasets

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2022

Preliminary JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 13:49