G5 Doctoral dissertation (article)
Quasiconformal uniformization of metric surfaces (2022)

Ikonen, T. (2022). Quasiconformal uniformization of metric surfaces [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Jyväskylä. JYU Dissertations, 508. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-39-9114-2

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsIkonen, Toni


Journal or seriesJYU Dissertations


Publication year2022

Number in series508

Number of pages in the book1 verkkoaineisto (32 sivua, 123 sivua useina numerointijaksoina, 6 numeroimatonta sivua)

PublisherUniversity of Jyväskylä

Place of PublicationJyväskylä

Publication countryFinland

Publication languageEnglish

Persistent website addresshttp://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-39-9114-2

Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel


The main subject of this dissertation is the uniformization problem for nonsmooth surfaces. The foundational question is to find necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of a homeomorphism taking a given nonsmooth surface into a smooth Riemannian surface while requiring minimal geometric distortion from the mapping. More specifically, we require the homeomorphism to be quasiconformal. Our approach is based on a recent work by Rajala. The dissertation consists of four articles. In article [A], we prove a uniformization result for every nonsmooth surface satisfying mild geometric assumptions. In fact, we only assume that the surface can be covered by domains which can be quasiconformally mapped into the Euclidean plane. We prove that this is a sufficient (and necessary) condition for there to exist a quasiconformal map on to a smooth Riemannian surface. In article [B], the author and Romney investigate weighted distances on the Euclidean plane. The main result of the article shows a surprising link between the nonsmooth uniformization problem and sets removable for conformal mappings, a notion of removability introduced by Ahlfors and Beurling in the1950s. In article [C], we examine the boundary structure of nonsmooth Euclidean disks which have finite two-dimensional Hausdorff measure and whose interiors can be quasiconformally mapped on to the Euclidean disk. We prove a generalized Carathéodory theorem in this setting and provide examples showing the sharpness of the result. In article [D], we consider a metric version of the classical welding problem from complex analysis. We construct nonsmooth spheres by metrically welding the southern and northern hemispheres of the two-dimensional sphere along the equator using a homeomorphism from the equator onto itself. The goal is to understand when the resulting sphere can be quasiconformally mapped to the Euclidean sphere. A necessary condition we establish connects the metric welding problem to the classic alone, while our sufficient conditions are related to measure-theoretic properties and modulus of continuity of the welding map.

Keywordsmathematicsmetric spacessurfacesEuclidean geometryRiemannian manifoldsdoctoral dissertations

Free keywordsepäsileät pinnat; uniformisaatio

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Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 18:06