A1 Journal article (refereed)
Effects of a 12-month home-based exercise program on functioning after hip fracture : Secondary analyses of an RCT (2022)

Soukkio, P. K., Suikkanen, S. A., Kukkonen‐Harjula, K. T., Kautiainen, H., Hupli, M. T., Aartolahti, E. M., Kääriä, S. M., Pitkälä, K. H., & Sipilä, S. (2022). Effects of a 12-month home-based exercise program on functioning after hip fracture : Secondary analyses of an RCT. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 70(9), 2561-2570. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.17824

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Soukkio, Paula K.; Suikkanen, Sara A.; Kukkonen‐Harjula, Katriina T.; Kautiainen, Hannu; Hupli, Markku T.; Aartolahti, Eeva M.; Kääriä, Sanna M.; Pitkälä, Kaisu H.; Sipilä, Sarianna

Journal or series: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

ISSN: 0002-8614

eISSN: 1532-5415

Publication year: 2022

Publication date: 18/05/2022

Volume: 70

Issue number: 9

Pages range: 2561-2570

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.17824

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Partially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/81226


Long-term functional limitations are common after hip fractures. Exercise may alleviate these negative consequences but there is no consensus on an optimal training program. The objective was to study the effects of a 12-month home-based supervised, progressive exercise program on functioning, physical performance, and physical activity.

Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial targeting patients with surgical repair of a hip fracture, aged ≥60 years, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score of ≥12. The participants were randomized into Exercise (n = 61) or Usual care (n = 60). Assessments at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months included Lawton's Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), handgrip strength, and self-reported frequency of sessions of leisure-time physical activity. Analyzed using mixed-effects models.

Participants' (n = 121) mean age was 81 years (SD 7), and 75% were women. The mean IADL score at baseline was 17.1 (SD 4.5) in the exercise group, and 17.4 (5.1) in the usual care group. The mean SPPB scores were 3.9 (1.6) and 4.2 (1.8), and handgrip strength was 17.7 (8.9) kg and 20.8 (8.0) kg, respectively. The age- and sex-adjusted mean changes in IADL over 12 months were 3.7 (95% CI 2.8–4.7) in the exercise and 2.0 (1.0–3.0) in the usual care group (between-group difference, p = 0.016); changes in SPPB 4.3 (3.6–4.9) and 2.1 (1.5–2.7) (p < 0.001); and changes in handgrip strength 1.2 kg (0.3–2.0) and 1.0 kg (−1.9 to −0.2) (p < 0.001), respectively. We found no between-group differences in changes in the frequency of leisure-time activity sessions.

A 12-month home-based supervised, progressive exercise program improved functioning and physical performance more than usual care among patients with hip fractures. However, the training did not increase leisure-time physical activity.

Keywords: bone fractures; hip; surgical treatment; medical rehabilitation; exercise therapy; physical functioning; older people

Free keywords: functioning; hip fracture; home-based exercise; physical performance

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2022

Preliminary JUFO rating: 3

Last updated on 2023-10-01 at 14:38