A1 Journal article (refereed)
Parenting styles of Finnish parents and their associations with parental burnout (2023)

Mikkonen, K., Veikkola, H.-R., Sorkkila, M., & Aunola, K. (2023). Parenting styles of Finnish parents and their associations with parental burnout. Current Psychology, 42(25), 21412-21423. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-022-03223-7

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsMikkonen, Kristiina; Veikkola, Henna-Riikka; Sorkkila, Matilda; Aunola, Kaisa

Journal or seriesCurrent Psychology



Publication year2023

Publication date28/05/2022


Issue number25

Pages range21412-21423


Publication countryUnited States

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/81699


In the present study, we examined what kind of parenting style groups (defined by parental warmth, behavioral control, and psychological control) can be identified among contemporary Finnish mothers and fathers and how these parenting style groups are associated with parents’ symptoms of parental burnout. Gender differences in parenting style groups, and in their associations with parental burnout, were also investigated. The survey data were gathered from 1,471 Finnish parents (91.2% mothers). The results of k-means cluster analysis identified six different parenting style groups: authoritarian (13.5%), permissive (15.2%), psychologically controlling (19.4%), uninvolved (14.4%), controlling (12.4%), and authoritative (25.1%), with the authoritative parenting style being the most common. The identified parenting style groups were equally common for mothers and fathers. The results showed further that, independently of gender, parents applying the authoritarian parenting style experienced symptoms of parental burnout the most, whereas those with the authoritative or permissive style reported these symptoms the least. Based on the results, it is suggested that child health care and family centers should pay particular attention to potential risk groups such as parents reporting symptoms of parental burnout and parents characterized by an authoritarian parenting style.

Keywordsparentsparenthoodfatherspaternitymothersmaternityexhaustionmanagingrisk factorsparent-child relationshipfamiliesfamilies with childrenwell-being

Free keywordsFinnish parents; parental burnout; parenting styles; authoritarian parenting

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 19:06