A1 Journal article (refereed)
Disparities in Nutritional Adequacy of Diets between Different Socioeconomic Groups of Finnish Adults (2022)

Valsta, L. M., Tapanainen, H., Kortetmäki, T., Sares-Jäske, L., Paalanen, L., Kaartinen, N. E., Haario, P., & Kaljonen, M. (2022). Disparities in Nutritional Adequacy of Diets between Different Socioeconomic Groups of Finnish Adults. Nutrients, 14(7), Article 1347. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14071347

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Valsta, Liisa M.; Tapanainen, Heli; Kortetmäki, Teea; Sares-Jäske, Laura; Paalanen, Laura; Kaartinen, Niina E.; Haario, Peppi; Kaljonen, Minna

Journal or series: Nutrients

eISSN: 2072-6643

Publication year: 2022

Publication date: 23/03/2022

Volume: 14

Issue number: 7

Article number: 1347

Publisher: MDPI AG

Publication country: Switzerland

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14071347

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/81918


Information on dietary adequacy is needed to assess food and nutrition security in a modern society, especially in the transition towards climate-friendly food systems. In this study, differences in the nutritional adequacy of diets among Finnish adults were evaluated in population groups of different education, income and urbanisation levels. The study used data from the FinDiet 2017 Survey (n = 1655, 18–74 years). Modelled usual intakes of foods and nutrients were evaluated relative to food-based dietary guidelines issued by the National Nutrition Council of Finland (FNNC) and with respect to nutrient adequacy following the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations and FNNC. For about half of the nutrients studied, intakes were found to be adequate. Intakes of protein, fat, saturated fatty acids and salt were estimated to be high. By contrast, inadequate intakes were seen in folate and vitamins A, D, B1, B2 and C in almost all groups studied. Groups with a higher education and income, groups that lived in urban areas and, in particular, women adhered more closely to recommended food consumption and nutrient intakes than others. However, major challenges posed by the Finnish diet are common to all groups studied, and only certain dietary features evaluated in view of nutritional adequacy are associated with socioeconomic differences.

Keywords: dietetics; diets; nutrients (animals and humans); dietary guidelines; food systems; sustainable consumption; inequality; socioeconomic factors; urbanisation

Free keywords: dietary intake; socioeconomic differences; urbanisation; 24 h dietary recall; usual intake modelling; dietary guidelines; dietary recommendations; macronutrients; micronutrients; climate-friendly

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Ministry reporting: Yes

Preliminary JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-21-06 at 10:46