A1 Journal article (refereed)
The Possibility of the Nobler (imkān al-ashraf) in Ṣadrā’s Philosophy and Its Historical Origins (2022)


Erdt, A. (2022). The Possibility of the Nobler (imkān al-ashraf) in Ṣadrā’s Philosophy and Its Historical Origins. Oriens, 50(1-2), 173-205. https://doi.org/10.1163/18778372-12340011


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editorsErdt, Agnieszka

Journal or seriesOriens

ISSN0078-6527

eISSN1877-8372

Publication year2022

Publication date06/05/2022

Volume50

Issue number1-2

Pages range173-205

PublisherBrill

Publication countryNetherlands

Publication languageEnglish

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1163/18778372-12340011

Publication open accessOther way freely accessible online

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel


Abstract

The principle known as the possibility of the nobler (qāʿidat imkān al-ashraf) is arguably one of the most often employed principles in later Islamic philosophy. In its standard formulation it states that if something baser exists, a nobler thing must have existed prior to it. A similar argument from the degrees of perfections has had a long career in the history of Western philosophy as well, with its beginnings reaching Stoicism. In Christian theology and philosophy it serves most importantly as a proof for the existence of God in the so-called henological argument of Aquinas. In Islamic philosophy it directly derives from the ex uno non fit nisi unum principle. Since the formulation of its standard version by al-Suhrawardī, the validity of the principle has been conditioned on that it is only applicable to the intelligible beings, hence its main objective is to offer a proof for the existence of the intellects. The article analyzes the application of the principle in Ṣadrā’s philosophy and enquires about its historical roots.


KeywordsIslamtheologyphilosophical theologyAristotelianismontology (philosophy)existenceGod

Free keywordsṢadrā; al-Suhrawardī; possibility of the nobler; imkān al-ashraf; Theologia Aristotelis

Fields of science:


Contributing organizations


Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating1


Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 19:06