A1 Journal article (refereed)
Kansainvälistymisen haaste : opetusministeriö opiskelijavaihdon järjestäjänä sodanjälkeisen kauden Suomessa (2022)

Clerc, L., & Mikkonen, S. (2022). Kansainvälistymisen haaste : opetusministeriö opiskelijavaihdon järjestäjänä sodanjälkeisen kauden Suomessa. Historiallinen aikakauskirja, 120(2), 191-204. https://doi.org/10.54331/haik.131364

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Clerc, Louis; Mikkonen, Simo

Journal or series: Historiallinen aikakauskirja

ISSN: 0018-2362

eISSN: 2489-6969

Publication year: 2022

Volume: 120

Issue number: 2

Pages range: 191-204

Publisher: Suomen historiallinen seura ry

Publication country: Finland

Publication language: Finnish

DOI: https://doi.org/10.54331/haik.131364

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Delayed open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/88440


The article deals with international scholarship programmes and the role of the Ministry of Education in the post-war internationalization of Finland. ln the decades following World War ll, the mobility of people increased significantly, intertwining with expanding higher education. In this article, we examine the development of Finnish student exchange programmes in the framework of the Cold War, especially from the perspective of the Ministry of Education and the Ministry for Foreign Affairs. Very little research has been done on Finland's role and position in growing international mobility and especially in international scholarship programmes. ln Finland, in the late rg5os the Ministry of Education became a key player in the organization of these international exchanges - although it was never the only one. We look at how the Ministry of Education conceived and developed its role in this area of cultural diplomacy, which in Finland had traditionally been under the Ministry for Foreign Affairs. Commercial and organizational scholarship programmes are excluded from the review The article is based on material collected from the archives of the Ministry of Education and the National Archives, as well as a few other archives over several decades. Letter material, memos, and meeting minutes are included. The aim is to create a picture of the decades when educational exchanges started and expanded, practically from the second half of the 1940s to the 1975 CSCE conference, from which point onwards the exchanges expanded strongly and became the responsibility of the Ministry of Education.

Keywords: postwar period; Cold War; internationalisation; international relations; cultural relations; student exchange; cultural policy; education policy; foreign policy; ministries

Free keywords: 1950-luku; 1960-luku; Suomi

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2022

JUFO rating: 2

Last updated on 2023-24-11 at 15:06