A1 Journal article (refereed)
Investigating young Finnish CLIL pupils’ perceptions of foreign language use through visual narratives (2022)

Mäntylä, K., Roiha, A., & Dufva, H. (2022). Investigating young Finnish CLIL pupils’ perceptions of foreign language use through visual narratives. Journal of Immersion and Content-Based Language Education, Online first. https://doi.org/10.1075/jicb.21033.man

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Mäntylä, Katja; Roiha, Anssi; Dufva, Hannele

Journal or series: Journal of Immersion and Content-Based Language Education

ISSN: 2212-8433

eISSN: 2212-8441

Publication year: 2022

Publication date: 20/06/2022

Volume: Online first

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

Publication country: Netherlands

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1075/jicb.21033.man

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/82139


This article explores how pupils in early CLIL (Content and Language Integrated Learning) education perceive language skills and use. The participants were 25 French-medium and 16 English-medium CLIL pupils in Grade 2 (aged 8 years). They had received CLIL education since the 1st Grade. The data were visual narratives drawn by the pupils and some associated open-ended questions they answered in writing. The data were analyzed using visual and content analysis. The results show that the pupils’ perceptions of language were a combination of traditional and modern views of language. The pupils compartmentalized the different languages as separate entities. They mostly saw language being used with native speakers. Technological artefacts were absent even though they are an integral part of children’s life in Finland. Also, the pupils considered language being a vehicle for oral communication outside school. The results bear implications for CLIL education and early language teaching in general.

Keywords: language learning; content and language integrated learning; English language; French language; lower comprehensive school pupils; conceptions; visual expression

Free keywords: English-medium CLIL; early language learning; CLIL; Finland; French-medium CLIL; visual narratives

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: No, publication in press

Preliminary JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-14-09 at 11:49