A1 Journal article (refereed)
Classroom-based physical activity and teachers’ instructions on students’ movement in conventional classrooms and open learning spaces (2023)


Hartikainen, J., Haapala, E. A., Poikkeus, A.-M., Sääkslahti, A., Laukkanen, A., Gao, Y., & Finni, T. (2023). Classroom-based physical activity and teachers’ instructions on students’ movement in conventional classrooms and open learning spaces. Learning Environments Research, 26(1), 177-198. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10984-022-09411-3


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editorsHartikainen, Jani; Haapala, Eero A.; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Sääkslahti, Arja; Laukkanen, Arto; Gao, Ying; Finni, Taija

Journal or seriesLearning Environments Research

ISSN1387-1579

eISSN1573-1855

Publication year2023

Publication date25/06/2022

Volume26

Issue number1

Pages range177-198

PublisherSpringer

Publication countryNetherlands

Publication languageEnglish

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s10984-022-09411-3

Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/82121


Abstract

As a result of educational reforms in many countries, including Finland, new or renovated comprehensive schools have increasingly begun to incorporate open and flexible designs and principles. Multipurpose and adaptable open learning spaces can provide children with amplified opportunities to be physically active during general education. Classroom-based physical activity has been associated with better academic-related outcomes and students’ on-task behaviour, while overall physical activity has been associated with better health. In the present study, we investigated the effects of classroom type, gender and grade level on classroom-based physical activity, and the associations between systematically-observed teachers’ instructions about students’ movement and classroom-based physical activity. The participants consisted of 182 3rd and 5th grade students in one school with open learning space and two schools with conventional classrooms. Overall, classroom-based physical activity, assessed with accelerometery, was not higher in open learning space than in conventional classrooms. However, 5th grade students had more sedentary time and less moderate-to-vigorous physical activity in open learning spaces than conventional classrooms, but both 3rd and 5th graders had more breaks from sedentary time in open learning spaces than conventional classrooms. Girls were more sedentary than boys, while 5th graders were less physically active than 3rd graders. Teachers’ instructions regarding 5th graders’ movement in open learning spaces were more restrictive and both 3rd and 5th graders had more instructed transitions in open learning spaces. In conventional classrooms, students had more teacher-organised physical activity. Teachers’ restrictive guidance was associated with less light physical activity, while teachers’ organised physical activity was associated with more moderate-to-vigorous physical activity.


Keywordsphysical activityphysical trainingschool childrenpupilsphysical education (school subject)teacherslessonslearning environmentteaching premisessittingimmobilitybreakschildren (age groups)gender

Free keywordsopen learning spaces; conventional classrooms; physical activity; sedentary time; breaks from sedentary time; movement integration


Contributing organizations

Other organizations:


Related projects


Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2023

JUFO rating2


Last updated on 2024-15-05 at 12:59