A1 Journal article (refereed)
Emotional Agency at Work : The Development and Validation of a Measure (2022)

Hökkä, P. K., Räikkönen, E., Ikävalko, H., Paloniemi, S., & Vähäsantanen, K. (2022). Emotional Agency at Work : The Development and Validation of a Measure. Frontiers in Education, 7, Article 852598. https://doi.org/10.3389/feduc.2022.852598

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsHökkä, Päivi Kristiina; Räikkönen, Eija; Ikävalko, Heini; Paloniemi, Susanna; Vähäsantanen, Katja

Journal or seriesFrontiers in Education


Publication year2022

Publication date05/07/2022


Article number852598

PublisherFrontiers Media SA

Publication countrySwitzerland

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/82358


Despite intensive research on agency in education and work environments, the topic remains underexplored through the lens of emotions. This study conducted the development and validation of a quantitative measure to explore emotional agency in working life. Empirical data (N = 240) were collected via a web-based survey within the professional domains of healthcare and real estate services. The participants’ age, educational level, and gender corresponded to the domain-specific and general employee distribution in Finland. The questionnaire items were based on a theoretical construct of emotional agency at work. Exploratory factor analysis indicated that emotional agency includes two dimensions: Emotional Competence at Work and Influencing Emotions at Work. Exploratory structural equation modeling showed these dimensions to be equivalent across the studied professional domains. Furthermore, the convergent and discriminant validity of the measure was confirmed in relation to the emotional climate at work and work engagement. The study enriches the current theory of agency and emotions at work by exploring their connection. It also proposes a novel measure of emotional agency at work (the E-Ag measure), offered as a useful tool for researching and developing working life and organizational behavior.

Keywordsworkworking lifework communitieswork climateemotionsemotional skillsemotionalityhuman agencycommitting oneselfwell-being at workmeasuring instruments (indicators)measuring methods

Free keywordsagency; emotion; emotional agency; work engagement; emotional climate; measure

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Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-15-06 at 21:06