A1 Journal article (refereed)
Experimental and computational investigation on the formation pathway of [RuCl2(CO)2(ERR′)2] (E = S, Se, Te; R, R′ = Me, Ph) from [RuCl2(CO)3]2 and ERR′ (2022)

Taimisto, M., Bajorek, T., Rautiainen, J. M., Pakkanen, T. A., Oilunkaniemi, R., & Laitinen, R. S. (2022). Experimental and computational investigation on the formation pathway of [RuCl2(CO)2(ERR′)2] (E = S, Se, Te; R, R′ = Me, Ph) from [RuCl2(CO)3]2 and ERR′. Dalton Transactions, 51(31), 11747-11757. https://doi.org/10.1039/D2DT02018A

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsTaimisto, Marjaana; Bajorek, Tom; Rautiainen, J. Mikko; Pakkanen, Tapani A.; Oilunkaniemi, Raija; Laitinen, Risto S.

Journal or seriesDalton Transactions



Publication year2022

Publication date12/07/2022


Issue number31

Pages range11747-11757

PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry (RSC)

Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/82664


The pathways to the formation of the series of [RuCl2(CO)2(ERR′)2] (E = S, Se, Te; R, R′ = Me, Ph) complexes from [RuCl2(CO)3]2 and ERR′ have been explored experimentally in THF and CH2Cl2, and computationally by PBE0-D3/def2-TZVP calculations. The end-products and some reaction intermediates have been isolated and identified by NMR spectroscopy, and their crystal structures have been determined by X-ray diffraction. The relative stabilities of the [RuCl2(CO)2(ERR′)2] isomers follow the order cct > ccc > tcc > ttt ≈ ctc (the terms c/t refer to cis/trans arrangement of the ligands in the order of Cl, CO, and ERR′). The yields were rather similar in both solvents, but the reactions were significantly faster in THF than in CH2Cl2. The highest yields were observed for the telluroether complexes, and the yields decreased with lighter chalcogenoethers. PBE0-D3/def2-TZVP calculations indicated that the reaction path is independent of the nature of the solvent. The substitution of one CO ligand of the intermediate [RuCl2(CO)3(ERR′)] by the second ERR′ shows the highest activation barrier and is the rate-determining step in all reactions. The observed faster reaction rate in THF than in CH2Cl2 upon reflux can therefore be explained by the higher boiling point of THF. At room temperature the reactions in both solvents proceed equally slowly. When the reaction is carried out in THF, the formation of [RuCl2(CO)3(THF)] is also observed, and the reaction may proceed with the substitution of THF by ERR′. The formation of the THF complex, however, is not necessary for the dissociation of the [RuCl2(CO)3]2. Thermal energy at room temperature is sufficient to cleave one of the bridging Ru–Cl bonds. The intermediate thus formed undergoes a facile reaction with ERR′. This mechanism is viable also in non-coordinating CH2Cl2.

Keywordscoordination complexeschemical synthesisreaction mechanismsNMR spectroscopyx-ray crystallographycomputational chemistry

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-30-04 at 18:05