A1 Journal article (refereed)
Profiles of Mental Well- and Ill-Being Among Elite Athletes : Associations With Sport-Related Demands and Resources (2022)

Kaski, S., Arvinen-Barrow, M., Kinnunen, U., & Parkkari, J. (2022). Profiles of Mental Well- and Ill-Being Among Elite Athletes : Associations With Sport-Related Demands and Resources. Journal of clinical sport psychology, Early online. https://doi.org/10.1123/jcsp.2021-0083

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsKaski, Satu; Arvinen-Barrow, Monna; Kinnunen, Ulla; Parkkari, Jari

Journal or seriesJournal of clinical sport psychology



Publication year2022

Publication date04/08/2022

VolumeEarly online

PublisherHuman Kinetics

Publication countryUnited States

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessNot open

Publication channel open access

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/83968


The aim of the present study was to identify profiles of elite athlete mental well- and ill-being and study how the profiles (i.e., subgroups of athletes) differed in sport-related demands and resources. A total of 259 Finnish elite athletes (n = 170 active and n = 89 retired) completed quantitative self-report inventories. Through cluster analysis, four profiles of mental well- and ill-being were identified. Profile 1 was overrepresented by retired, older, and male athletes, and characterized by good mental well-being. Profile 2 consisted mainly of active athletes who reported mild risk for alcohol abuse. Profile 3 consisted mainly of women who displayed possible presence of an eating disorder. Profile 4 was typical of young athletes with mental ill-being. The balance between sport-related demands and resources appeared to be the healthiest in Profile 1 and worst in Profile 4. The present findings are beneficial for those who work with and/or provide psychological support to athletes.

Keywordsmental well-beingtop athleteseating disordersproblems with alcoholmental health problemscontentmentsportshealthexperienced well-beingprofiles (information)

Free keywordsmental health symptoms; eating disorder; alcohol abuse; life satisfaction; positive functioning

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-15-06 at 22:26