A1 Journal article (refereed)
Intra-regional mobility of PhD students in the European Union : the outcomes of region-making policy? (2022)

Mathies, C., & Cantwell, B. (2022). Intra-regional mobility of PhD students in the European Union : the outcomes of region-making policy?. Policy Reviews in Higher Education, 6(2), 230-251. https://doi.org/10.1080/23322969.2022.2105256

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Mathies, Charles; Cantwell, Brendan

Journal or series: Policy Reviews in Higher Education

ISSN: 2332-2969

eISSN: 2332-2950

Publication year: 2022

Publication date: 08/08/2022

Volume: 6

Issue number: 2

Pages range: 230-251

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/23322969.2022.2105256

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Partially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/82561


This paper examines the flow of intra-European Union (EU) students for doctoral (PhD) studies to identify reasons for differences in international student mobility and migration (ISM) among member states. Rather than conceptualising intra-EU PhD student ISM only through push–pull forces, we theorise the intra-EU PhD ISM is associated with relative levels of national resources or levels of capital. We investigate the intra-EU PhD ISM through dyadic country pairings allowing the use of Gravity models to estimate the effect of variables associated with stocks of capital ascribed to a country to the change in the number of PhD students. The findings of this study indicate while there is asymmetry among EU member states, investment in strengthening the higher education systems within individual EU countries can strengthen the overall cohesion and competitiveness of the EU in the global science competition. Thus, policy focused on enhancing developing national higher education systems can pay dividends throughout the EU.

Keywords: European Union countries; students; doctoral education; tertiary education; mobility; internationality; international mobility; student exchange; studies abroad; immigration; educational systems; competitive strength

Free keywords: international student mobility and migration; PhD students; European Union; gravity model

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2022

Last updated on 2023-02-05 at 13:17