A1 Journal article (refereed)
Evolved high aerobic capacity has context-specific effects on gut microbiota (2022)


Hanhimäki, E., Watts, P. C., Koskela, E., Koteja, P., Mappes, T., & Hämäläinen, A. M. (2022). Evolved high aerobic capacity has context-specific effects on gut microbiota. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 10, Article 934164. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2022.934164


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Publication details

All authors or editorsHanhimäki, Elina; Watts, Phillip C.; Koskela, Esa; Koteja, Paweł; Mappes, Tapio; Hämäläinen, Anni M.

Journal or seriesFrontiers in Ecology and Evolution

eISSN2296-701X

Publication year2022

Publication date09/08/2022

Volume10

Article number934164

PublisherFrontiers Media SA

Publication countrySwitzerland

Publication languageEnglish

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2022.934164

Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/82549

Additional informationThe raw sequencing data presented in this study has been deposited in the Sequence Read Archive (SRA) at NCBI with the accession number: PRJNA833118- SAMN27960473-SAMN27960504, SAMN27960429-SAMN27960472, SAMN27960523-SAMN27960550, SAMN27960505-SAMN27960522, SAMN27960573-SAMN27960604, SAMN27960551-SAMN27960572, SAMN27960605-SAMN27960674. Metadata is available in the Supplementary material. Any further queries should be directed to the corresponding author.


Abstract

Gut microbiota is expected to coevolve with the host's physiology and may play a role in adjusting the host's energy metabolism to suit the host's environment. To evaluate the effects of both evolved host metabolism and the environmental context in shaping the gut microbiota, we used a unique combination of (1) experimental evolution to create selection lines for a fast metabolism and (2) a laboratory-to-field translocation study. Mature bank voles Myodes glareolus from lines selected for high aerobic capacity (A lines) and from unselected control (C lines) were released into large (0.2 ha) outdoor enclosures for longitudinal monitoring. To examine whether the natural environment elicited a similar or more pronounced impact on the gut microbiota of the next generation, we also sampled the field-reared offspring. The gut microbiota were characterized using 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing of fecal samples. The artificial selection for fast metabolism had minimal impact on the gut microbiota in laboratory conditions but in field conditions, there were differences between the selection lines (A lines vs. C lines) in the diversity, community, and resilience of the gut microbiota. Notably, the selection lines differed in the less abundant bacteria throughout the experiment. The lab-to-field transition resulted in an increase in alpha diversity and an altered community composition in the gut microbiota, characterized by a significant increase in the relative abundance of Actinobacteria and a decrease of Patescibacteria. Also, the selection lines showed different temporal patterns in changes in microbiota composition, as the average gut microbiota alpha diversity of the C lines, but not A lines, was temporarily reduced during the initial transition to the field. In surviving young voles, the alpha diversity of gut microbiota was significantly higher in A-line than C-line voles. These results indicate that the association of host metabolism and gut microbiota is context-specific, likely mediated by behavioral or physiological modifications in response to the environment.


Keywordsintestinesmicrobesgastrointestinal microbiotametabolismClethrionomys glareolusliving environmentaerobic capacitysequencingevolutionary biology

Free keywordsmetabolic rate; gut microbiota; bank vole; 16S rRNA sequencing; field experiment; experimental evolution; selection lines; longitudinal


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Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating1


Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 19:17