A2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review
Association of developmental coordination disorder and low motor competence with impaired bone health : A systematic review (2022)

Tan, J., Murphy, M., Hart, N. H., Rantalainen, T., Bhoyroo, R., & Chivers, P. (2022). Association of developmental coordination disorder and low motor competence with impaired bone health : A systematic review. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 129, Article 104324. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2022.104324

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsTan, Jocelyn; Murphy, Myles; Hart, Nicolas H.; Rantalainen, Timo; Bhoyroo, Ranila; Chivers, Paola

Journal or seriesResearch in Developmental Disabilities



Publication year2022

Publication date12/08/2022


Article number104324


Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessNot open

Publication channel open access

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/84028


Individuals with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and low motor competence (LMC) may be at increased risk of low bone health due to their lifetime physical activity patterns. Impaired bone health increases an individual’s risk of osteoporosis and fracture; therefore, it is necessary to determine whether a bone health detriment is present in this group. Accordingly, this systematic review explores the association between DCD/LMC and bone health.

Methods and Procedures
Studies were included with assessment of bone health in a DCD/LMC population. Study bias was assessed using the JBI critical appraisal checklist. Due to heterogeneity, meta-analysis was not possible and narrative synthesis was performed with effect size and direction assessed via harvest plots.

Outcomes and Results
A total of 16 (15 paediatric/adolescent) studies were included. Deficits in bone measures were reported for the DCD/LMC group and were more frequent in weight-bearing sites. Critical appraisal indicated very low confidence in the results, with issues relating to indirectness and imprecision relating to comorbidities.

Conclusions and Implications
Individuals with DCD or LMC are at increased risk of bone health deficits. Bone impairment locations indicate insufficient loading via physical activity as a potential cause of bone deficits. Results indicate a potential for earlier osteoporosis onset.

Keywordsdevelopment of motor skillsmotor skills (general)developmental disabilities (mental and physical)dyspraxiaphysical activityhealth risksfalling overboneosteoporosisbone fractures

Free keywordsFracture; Movement; Falls

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-15-06 at 00:27