D4 Published development or research report or study
Kyberturvallisuuden koulutusohjelman muutostarpeiden tutkimus : hankkeen loppuraportti (2022)
Development Needs in Cybersecurity Education : Final report of the project

Lehto, M. (2022). Kyberturvallisuuden koulutusohjelman muutostarpeiden tutkimus : hankkeen loppuraportti. Jyväskylän yliopisto, Informaatioteknologian tiedekunta. Informaatioteknologian tiedekunnan julkaisuja, 93. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-39-9336-8

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsLehto, Martti


Journal or seriesInformaatioteknologian tiedekunnan julkaisuja



Publication year2022

Number in series93

Number of pages in the book179

PublisherJyväskylän yliopisto, Informaatioteknologian tiedekunta

Place of PublicationJyväskylä

Publication countryFinland

Publication languageFinnish

Persistent website addresshttp://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-39-9336-8

Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel

Additional informationJulkaistu myös englanninkielisenä: Lehto, Martti (ed.), Development Needs in Cybersecurity Education: Final report of the project. Jyväskylän yliopisto, 2022. Informaatioteknologian tiedekunnan julkaisuja ; No. 96/2022, http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-39-9469-3


The field of cybersecurity suffers from a massive skills shortage. This study set out to investigate ways to respond to this problem. Through surveys and interviews as well as the content analysis of documents, we have reviewed the cybersecurity / information security / digital security education and training provided in basic education, general upper secondary schools, vocational schools, and higher education institutions, as well as in the third sector in Finland. The results clearly show that the current resources will not be sufficient to cover all recruitment needs in cybersecurity. Rather, significant public investments between EUR 8 and 9 million per year are needed. The study also revealed that terminology in this field is diverse. The concepts of cybersecurity, digital security and information security are often used interchangeably. They do not have nationally or internationally agreed definitions. The Finnish Ministry of Finance’s report on digital security in the public sector1 defines digital security as a broad concept that includes issues related to risk management, business continuity management and preparedness, as well as cybersecurity, information security, and data protection.

Keywordscyber securityeducation and trainingprimary and lower secondary educationhigher education (teaching)curriculacompetence developmentinformation technologyinformation networkstraining programmesgeneral upper secondary schoolvocational schoolsuniversities of applied sciencesuniversitiestertiary educationinformation societynational defence courses

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 18:56