O1 Abstract
Physical activity change and stability patterns from adolescence to early adulthood : how activity domains and sedentary behaviour are associated with maintaining, increasing and decreasing activity? (2022)


Aira, T., Vasankari, T., Heinonen, O., Korpelainen, R., Parkkari, J., Savonen, K., Uusitalo, A., Valtonen, M., Villberg, J., & Kokko, S. (2022). Physical activity change and stability patterns from adolescence to early adulthood : how activity domains and sedentary behaviour are associated with maintaining, increasing and decreasing activity?. European Journal of Public Health, 32(Supplement 2), ii57. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckac094.065


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editorsAira, Tuula; Vasankari, Tommi; Heinonen, Olli; Korpelainen, Raija; Parkkari, Jari; Savonen, Kai; Uusitalo, Arja; Valtonen, Maarit; Villberg, Jari; Kokko, Sami

Journal or seriesEuropean Journal of Public Health

ISSN1101-1262

eISSN1464-360X

Publication year2022

Publication date27/08/2022

Volume32

Issue numberSupplement 2

Pages rangeii57

PublisherOxford University Press (OUP)

Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckac094.065

Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/83210

Additional informationVolume 32, Issue Supplement_2, September 2022: 2022 HEPA Europe Conference: An Ecosystem Approach to Health-Enhancing Physical Activity Promotion


Abstract

Background
Longitudinal studies demonstrate that physical activity (PA) declines on average from adolescence to early adulthood. However, some subgroups of adolescents increase activity while others decrease or maintain high or low activity. Determinants of change or maintenance of (in)activity may differ between subgroups and are valuable information for targeted health promotion. The purpose of this study was to identify PA patterns from adolescence to early adulthood, and also to explore how different activity domains and Sedentary Behaviour (SB) are associated with PA patterns.

Methods
The data of this observational cohort study (collected in 2013/2014 and 2017/2018) consisted of 254 Finns at age 15 and 19 participating the Health Promoting Sports Club study. K-means cluster analysis for longitudinal data was performed to identify participant clusters (patterns) based on their accelerometry-measured moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA). Associations of sports club participation (SC), active commuting (AC), and SB with PA patterns were examined by logistic regression analysis.

Results (preliminary)
Five MVPA patterns were identified: inactivity maintainers (n = 71), activity maintainers (n = 70), decreasers from moderate (to low) PA (n = 61), decreasers from high (to moderate) PA (n = 32), and increasers (n = 20). At age 15, SC participation (41-97%) and AC (47-75%) were common in all the patterns. By age 19, clear dropout from these activities was prevalent (SC participation mean 32%, AC 31-63%). Maintained SC participation was associated with a higher likelihood of belonging to the decreasers from high PA (OR = 11.2, CI = 1.4-90.0) and to the combined group of increasers and activity maintainers (OR = 3.6, CI = 1.8-7.4); also with a lower likelihood of being an inactivity maintainer (OR = 0.1, CI = 0.02-0.2). Dropout from SC was related to a higher likelihood of being a decreaser from high PA (OR = 10.9, CI = 1.3-90.7). Maintenance/adoption of AC was associated with a lower likelihood of being an inactivity maintainer (OR = 0.3, CI = 0.1-0.7). Decreased SB was related to a higher likelihood of belonging to the activity maintainers and increasers (OR = 0.96, CI = 0.93-0.98).

Conclusions
PA patterns diverge greatly over the transition to adulthood. Changes in SC participation, AC, and SB show different associations with diverging PA patterns. Hence, tailored PA promotion is recommended.


Keywordsyoung peoplephysical activityphysical trainingexercise habitsparticipationsports clubssittingimmobilitypassivitypubertylongitudinal researchhealth promotion

Free keywordssports participation; youth; longitudinal study


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Last updated on 2024-22-04 at 16:38