O1 Abstract
Neighborhood walkability and older people's participation in leisure activities (2022)

Tuomola, E.-M., Keskinen, K., Rantanen, T., & Portegijs, E. (2022). Neighborhood walkability and older people's participation in leisure activities. European Journal of Public Health, 32(Supplement 2), ii111. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckac095.129

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Tuomola, Essi-Mari; Keskinen, Kirsi; Rantanen, Taina; Portegijs, Erja

Journal or series: European Journal of Public Health

ISSN: 1101-1262

eISSN: 1464-360X

Publication year: 2022

Publication date: 27/08/2022

Volume: 32

Issue number: Supplement 2

Pages range: ii111

Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckac095.129

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/83216

Additional information: 2022 HEPA Europe Conference : An Ecosystem Approach to Health-Enhancing Physical Activity Promotion


The neighborhood environment may enhance or restrict older people's opportunities to participate in leisure activities, and thus impact quality of life. Walkability depicts the environment's suitability for walking to different destinations. Little is known concerning about the relation between environment walkability and participation in leisure activities. Our purpose was to study whether neighborhood's objective and perceived walkability were related to participation in various leisure activities outside the home.

Cross-sectional data of LISPE consisted of 848 community-dwelling people aged 75-90 living in the municipalities of Jyväskylä and Muurame, Finland. Participants' home addresses were geocoded, and walkability index (mixed land-use, street connectivity, and population density) was calculated using geographic information system and categorized into tertiles. From a checklist, participants chose all infrastructure-based facilitators present in their neighborhood, which draw them to outdoor mobility (e.g., good lighting, services close); the sum of these was used as an indicator of perceived walkability. Participation in leisure activities outside the home was self-reported based on frequency and classified as participation (yes/no) in group activities (≥1x/week), physical activity (≥1x/week), and non-group cultural and other activities (≥1x/month). For each leisure activity type, logistic regression models were conducted for walkability index and perceived walkability separately. Analyses were adjusted age, sex, years of education, weekly car use, walking difficulties, and number of chronic conditions.

Logistic regression showed that the older people who lived in areas with high walkability index were more likely to participate in cultural and other activities activity at least once a month (OR = 1.64, 95% Cl = 1.14-2.36) and less likely to participate in physical activity at least once a week (OR = 0.61, 95% Cl = 0.39-0.94, fully adjusted model) than older people living in areas with low walkability index. Older people reporting higher perceived walkability participated more often in physical activity than those who reported lower walkability (OR = 1.14, 95% Cl = 1.05-1.23).

Living in the area of high walkability enhanced participation in cultural activities and decreased participation in physical activity. However, higher perceived walkability may motivate older people to be physically active. Environment which offers good infrastructure for outdoor mobility provides opportunities to participate in specific leisure activities.

Keywords: physical training; mobility; older people; walking (motion); participation; leisure activities

Free keywords: older people; walkability; participation; leisure activities

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Won't be reported

Last updated on 2023-10-01 at 15:18