A1 Journal article (refereed)
In‐Operando Lithium‐Ion Transport Tracking in an All‐Solid‐State Battery (2022)

Kobayashi, T., Ohnishi, T., Osawa, T., Pratt, A., Tear, S., Shimoda, S., Baba, H., Laitinen, M., & Sajavaara, T. (2022). In‐Operando Lithium‐Ion Transport Tracking in an All‐Solid‐State Battery. Small, 18(46), Article 2204455. https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.202204455

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsKobayashi, Takane; Ohnishi, Tsuyoshi; Osawa, Takahiro; Pratt, Andrew; Tear, Steve; Shimoda, Susumu; Baba, Hidetada; Laitinen, Mikko; Sajavaara, Timo

Journal or seriesSmall



Publication year2022

Publication date30/09/2022


Issue number46

Article number2204455


Publication countryGermany

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/83631


An all-solid-state battery is a secondary battery that is charged and discharged by the transport of lithium ions between positive and negative electrodes. To fully realize the significant benefits of this battery technology, for example, higher energy densities, faster charging times, and safer operation, it is essential to understand how lithium ions are transported and distributed in the battery during operation. However, as the third lightest element, methods for quantitatively analyzing lithium during operation of an all-solid-state device are limited such that real-time tracking of lithium transport has not yet been demonstrated. Here, the authors report that the transport of lithium ions in an all-solid-state battery is quantitatively tracked in near real time by utilizing a high-intensity thermal neutron source and lithium-6 as a tracer in a thermal neutron-induced nuclear reaction. Furthermore, the authors show that the lithium-ion migration mechanism and pathway through the solid electrolyte can be determined by in-operando tracking. From these results, the authors suggest that the development of all-solid-state batteries has entered a phase where further advances can be carried out while understanding the transport of lithium ions in the batteries.

Keywordsaccumulatorsionselectrolyteslithiumtracingresearch methodsradiation physics

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating2

Last updated on 2024-15-06 at 20:26